Hypospadias is a common urological anomaly and fortunately most of the hypospadias are distal or midpenile in variety with good results in one stage surgery. Scrotal hypospadias are the most severe forms of hypospadias where the opening in far behind in scrotum, in between the testicles. 6 months back we treated a child with hypospadias who travelled with his family all the way from Australia for a hypospadias repair surgery. But the story actually started as soon as the baby was born. The family had contacted us for an email and telephonic consultation and we were there with them from the neonatal age till the surgery and the care continues electronically even now.
Fortunately, with meticulous pre-surgery planning and good support we could get a good result of the surgery in one stage itself. The child is doing very well now and doesn’t look like that he will need any further hypospadias surgery. The family was overjoyed and they have sent us an email now (6 months after surgery) and we were all very happy to read the email. It made our day and also made the whole purpose of starting Hypospadias Foundation worthwhile.
We have taken the liberty of using most of the email in an unedited format here after seeking due permission from the family.
Hi Dr. Arbinder Singal,
How are you?
Please find below what we truly felt. Also as discussed, we would not prefer either our or or son’s name to be reflected in the recommendation, however please feel free to provide my details to parents who are in a similar situation and need help just like we did when our son was diagnosed with severe hypospadias.
It all started on 2nd December when my son was born in Sydney (Australia), it was the happiest moment of my life but I didn’t know that it will last only for the next 24 hours.
The next morning, as a usual process in Australian Hospitals, Specialists came to check my son and called me. The specialist checked my son and without any emotions or sympathy or even empathy told me that my son is suffering from Hypospadias and that too a severe one and it will take at least 2-3 operations period. My ears were striving hard to hear that after those operations it will be completely cured and everything will be fine but the doctor told me that the Hypospadias is severe and there is no guarantee and gave me an information booklet with scary after operation images. As far as I remember I asked him thrice may be more that whether my son would be alright after those operations? yearning for an answer that “everything will be alright” may be a pat on my shoulder to give me some strength or courage to deal with the situation but he left without saying even a single positive word.
I could barely walk after that conversation, everything around was meaningless and sad. My wife was still in the hospital recovering from the caesarean operation, I chose not to tell anyone in my family and let them be happy. I came home that night as you are not allowed to stay in the hospital in Australia. I was not able to sleep that night and the next morning while I was still at home, all my emotions came out, I couldn’t stop the tears and my family came to know about it and tried to give suggestions but that doctor had filled my whole system with so much negativity that I believed that there is no solution and my son will never be cured. After venting out my emotions, I started researching about Hypospadias specialists in the world and I found Dr V.R.Jayanthi and called his clinic in U.S.A but he was not available. I did some more research and found Hypospadias foundation in Navi Mumbai, India. Honestly I didn’t care to read the content on the site and went directly to the contact us page as I was so desperate to talk to a specialist and got through Dr. A.K. Singal’s clinic and fortunately they helped me to set up an telephonic appointment with him.
Half an hour Conversation changed everything!
Carrying a huge backlog of negativity, I called up Dr. Arbinder Singal. The conversation started with a lot of questions and Dr. Arbinder Singal listened to all my questions and concerns patiently and irrespective how silly the questions were, he answered to every question in detail. Honestly that conversation changed my life and in particularly one sentence from him – “THERE IS NO HYPOSPADIAS WHICH CANNOT BE CURED”. He guided me to contact a pediatric endocrinologist right away and explained in detail on how to proceed with the next steps. I recorded that conversation and told my wife about the news because now I had the solution – Dr. Arbinder Singal!
A Close shave
I am really thankful to Dr. Arbinder Singal for recommending a pediatric endocrinologist at that point. I want to again emphasize here that everyone apart from Dr. Arbinder Singal missed an important step in the journey – Meeting a Pediatric Endocrinologist.
As per the paediatric endocrinologist – Dr. Andrew Biggin (he is still my son’s paediatrician and has agreed to mention his name) there were some injections which needed to be given to my son before a certain age which we would have definitely missed as no other Doctor asked us to meet a paediatric endocrinologist. We communicated a lot with Dr. Arbinder Singal updating him about the progress and again asking questions to which he patiently responded every time. He also helped us to get in touch with the other parents whose children had undergone hypospadias repair surgery under his care which helped a lot as they explained us how they went through the treatment and journey. We are really thankful to those parents as well as every time we had an emotional breakdown or we felt nervous they acted as a big emotional support and had long conversations calming us down. Finally Dr. Arbinder Singal helped us decide a date and hospital for hypospadias operation.
We travelled to India for surgery and we arranged a villa near Fortis Hospital in Vashi, Navi Mumbai and went to meet Dr. Arbinder Singal for the first time in Mumbai. After our meeting the comfort level and confidence increased multi-fold, he was very nice to speak with and inculcated the same confidence in us. He checked my son and said he will try to do it in one operation itself. We had already booked a room in Fortis and admitted my son for the surgery. We met him again before the hypospadias operation, we were nervous but we were calm as we knew that our son was in safe hands. All the hospital staff was very helpful on the operation day and Dr. Arbinder Singal gave us the good news that the operation is successful and my son would not need another surgery.
Highly Highly Recommended!
I would highly recommend Dr. Arbinder Singal as he is an hypospadias expert and good human being. He is reachable and understands the emotions & nervousness which the parents go through. All the more the issue which all the doctors in Australia could solve only by doing multiple hypospadias surgeries, he did that in one go with a single stage hypospadias repair.
I and my family are and would be really thankful to him for forever.
Thanks Dr. Arbinder Singal & Hypospadias Foundation!!
A happy kid and his family
About Hypospadias Foundation and Dr A.K.Singal
Hypospadias Foundation is an organisation dedicated to care & cure for patients children and adults suffering from Hypospadias and DSD (disorders of sex development). It is located within a boutique Urology centre – MITR Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India (www.mitrhospital.com ). Hypospadias Foundation was started in 2009 by Dr A.K.Singal and Dr Manish Dubey and till date more than 800 children and adults have been treated at the Foundation from all over India and more than 20 countries (june 2015). The foundation keeps on growing with blessings from families and support from society.
Dr A.K.Singal is a renowned pediatric urologist surgeon and a top hypospadias specialist practicing in Mumbai, India. He is an expert in management of children and adults with hypospadias and is a strong force behind community and medical education for hypospadias. Every year he does more than 200 surgeries for hypospadias and conducts research for hypospadias. For his deep passion and excellent results in hypospadias, Dr Singal is counted as one of the best hypospadias surgeon’s in the world.
Hypospadias Foundation can be reached at email@example.com or you can call Dr Rajkumar (Coordinator) at +919821261448
Or you can fill up this contact form: Contact Hypospadias Foundation
Watch Video of Scrotal Hypospadias Surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of proximal penile hypospadias repair surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of distal penile hypospadias operation surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Cases worth noting,For Parents and Patients,Hypospadias surgeon India | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on June 14, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias is classified according to the site of the urinary opening from distal penile being the mildest to scrotal hypospadias being the severest. Fortunately 70% of the hypospadias are distal penile in variety and 20% are moderate variety which includes midpenile or proximal penile hypospadias. Only 10% of the hypospadias are of severe variety- penoscrotal or scrotal hypospadias. Hence, out of the children whom we see in our Hypospadias clinic, ideally less than 10% should be severe hypospadias. But since we are a specialized and one of its kind hypospadias hospital in India, almost 20-30% of our cases are severe hypospadias. For distal or moderate hypospadias, single stage surgery is the norm worldwide but for severe hypospadias only a very small number of centres perform a single stage surgery worldwide. At Hypospadias Foundation, we routinely perform single stage repair of scrotal hypospadias whenever possible and this is the case in almost 80% of scrotal hypospadias. The main deciding factor is the curvature (chordee) of the penis. If the chordee is very severe requiring a ventral graft or transection of urethral plate, then we do a staged repair else our intent is to perform a single stage repair in even scrotal hypospadias.
Master A.S., was born preterm with a birthweight of only 1.8kg. He was noted immediately at birth to have a severe scrotal hypospadias. Fortunately both his testis were descended normally and were of normal size. He passed urine well and was recommended to have a pediatric urologist/ surgeon evaluation at 1 year of age in Bhopal (MP),. Parents wrote to us at Hypospadias foundation when the boy was 2.5 years of age to ask us our opinion for Hypospadias treatment. We asked them to send some pictures and videos via email so that we could analyse the type of hypospadias and understand the type of hypospadias correction surgery needed. Finally, the family travelled from Bhopal to Mumbai for treatment. One examination, A.S. had a scrotal hypospadias and the penis had only a mild chordee. Both the testis were normally descended. We elected to perform a single stage hypospadias repair for him. We deployed a Transverse Prepucial onlay island flap urethroplasty for the hypospadias repair. A 4 cm long flap was raised from prepuce and hypospadias was corrected in one stage. The surgery took about 2.5 hours and the child was allowed feeds after 3 hours of surgery. We discharged him to home the next morning. The hypospadias dressing was removed on day 5 and catheter on day 10. A.S. healed well and passed urine from tip. After another follow-up one week later, the family travelled back to Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh and sent us pictures after one month and three months after hypospadias surgery. Though there was some minor stitch reaction near head of penis but it gradually subsided and now after 6 months of surgery, A.S. is doing very well and does not need any further surgery.
Parents sent us a thank you email and here it is:
“Our son’s hypospadias condition was picked up immediately at birth by our neonatologist. Needless to say, that we were devastated, as we realized that our little bundle of joy was already lined up for surgeries in the coming years. We consulted many urologists however; when we met up with Dr. Arbinder Singal at MITR hospital all our fears were allayed. Many doctors had suggested two stage surgeries, we were assured by Dr. Singal that though our son had one of the severe kinds (scrotal hypospadias with chordee); he would be just fine after a single stage surgery. He is quite a diligent urologist as he patiently explained to us our son’s condition, the procedure that our son required and what exactly would Dr. Singal be doing in the long 4 hr procedure. For us the most comforting factor was that Dr. Singal is not only a pedatric urologist but also a meticulous surgeon who is an expert in this domain. Once completely convinced, we admitted our son in the morning of the surgery at MITR hospital. I must say that the facility is well equipped to handle such cases. The resident doctors, nursing staff, orderlies are very cordial, helpful and attentive to the needs of the patients as well as the anxious parents. The post- operative care that has been given to our son is commendable as they have patiently attended to all alarms and issues of the kid. We highly recommend Dr. Singal and MITR for urology related issues especially hypospadias surgery”
These emails of happiness after good results of hypospadias surgery are priceless to us. These affirm our faith that however complex the hypospadias maybe, we must try to repair in single stage. Most of them indeed do well after one stage surgery for hypospadias.
About Hypospadias Foundation, India
Hypospadias Foundation is an organisation dedicated to care of children and adults with hypospadias. Located in Navi Mumbai, in western India, we see more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias for treatment every year and the numbers have steadily grown. More than 25% of all patients are failed hypospadias referred from all across India and 10% of our patients travel from other countries to come to India for best hypospadias treatment and surgery results. The specialists for hypospadias surgery- Dr A.K.Singal and Dr Manish Dubey, make sure that the patients benefit from their expertise in managing hypospadias.
To contact Hypospadias foundation, you can either write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or fill up this contact Form
Watch Videos of Hypospadias Repair surgery procedure by Dr A.K.Singal, Specialist Hypospadias Surgeon
Posted in Cases worth noting,Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on May 19, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias is one of the most common urological anomalies in boys. While 80% of all hypospadias are mild and of distal or midpenile, 20% are proximal hypospadias. Severe varieties like scrotal hypospadias form only 5% of total burden of hypospadias. Severe hypospadias such as scrotal hypospadias often have associated chordee (bent penis) and this may be very severe too posing a challenge for the hypospadias surgeon. We have realized in last few years that making the penis straight (chordee correction) is THE MOST IMPORTANT step of hypospadias repair procedure. While most of the severe scrotal hypospadias are also repaired in a single stage (almost 90% are suitable for a single stage urethroplasty), in 10% of the children the anomaly is so severe especially due to severe chordee that two stage repair may be better for an optimal long term outcome.
Master R.P. was born with scrotal hypospadias, severe chordee in Patna, Bihar and was advised to undergo surgery after 1 year of age. The parents went to multiple doctors in Patna, Delhi and finally came to consult Dr A.K.Singal, renowned Hypospadias surgeon at MITR Hospital, Navi Mumbai. On examination, the child had a severe scrotal hypospadias, severe chordee (almost 90 degrees) and abnormally fused skin of scrotum to the penis. This almost looked like a trapped hypospadias penis due to skin shortage. Dr Singal discussed in detail with parents that such a severe hypospadias may require hypospadias treatment in stages. Due to the severity it may be impossible to correct all the defects in one surgery. Also the penis length may have got shortened and cosmetic result would also been suboptimal.
Finally, R.P. was taken under anesthesia and hypospadias repair surgery was started. As a first step the penis was degloved. Urethral plate was divided and the fibrous bands causing chordee on the underside of penis were divided deeply till the scrotum. The penis was almost straight after this maneuver with just 30 degree bend which was further corrected by a placing a placating stitch on the top side of penis (tunica albuginea plication or TAP). Artificial erection test confirmed the complete correction of chordee. Since the chordee was severe and the urethral plate was also divided, single stage surgery would have carried very high failure rates. Hence, a staged urethroplasty was planned. The skin on the top of the penis was divided in midline and brought to the underside of penis. A part of the skin was advanced into the head of penis (glans) so that the new urethra in next stage would be constructed till the tip of penis. This is called Thiersch Byar’s urethroplasty stage-1. There was a compression dressing done which was removed after 7 days and the family travelled back to Patna after a total of 14 days after first hypospadias surgery.
The family sent us some pictures in the healing phase over next few months and the second stage urethroplasty was planned after 6 months of first hypospadias surgery. When we saw the patient again – the flaps and the skin on the underside was very well healed and ready for second stage. Second stage urethroplasty was done and it took just 2 hours for the surgery. The catheter was removed after ten days and the R.P. passed urine in a good stream from the tip of the penis like a normal boy. Family was delighted and after another follow-up visit one week later they travelled back to Bihar.
According to Dr Singal, “With the experience and expertise, currently we do single stage surgery for even scrotal hypospadias and other complex hypospadias. The only limiting factor is the severity of the chordee. Sometimes in sever chordee we need to apply a cut on the underside of penis to straighten it. In such cases, it is better to do a staged repair. In our experience, two stage hypospadias surgery can have excellent cosmetic and functional results. It also provided a longer penis length by straightening the penis and elongating the underside of penis when chordee correction is done.
About the author:
Dr A.K.Singal is a senior Pediatric Urologist and a renowned Hypospadias expert surgeon in Navi Mumbai, India. Every year he operates more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias from all over the world and from all over India. Dr Singal has done lot of clinical research and conducted training programs for hypospadias surgery in India. Due to expertise in managing complex cases of severe hypospadias and failed hypospadias operated elsewhere, he is counted as one of the best and top hypospadias surgeons in India.
About Hypospadias Foundation:
Hypospadias Foundation is World’s first and only organisation dedicated to care and cure of children and adults with hypospadias. Started in 2008 by Dr Singal and Dr Dubey, more than 1000 patients have benefitted from care at the foundation from more than 20 countries. The blessings and goodwill only continues to grow from a single point focus of excellence in hypospadiology. The foundation soon intends to start formal training courses in Hypospadias surgery for international doctors.
To contact us you can
Email us at hypospadiasfoundationindia@gmailcom
Or Call Dr Rajkumar, Coordinator, at +91-9821261448 between 10am-4pm.
Else you can fill up this form: Contact Hypospadias Foundation
Watch video of Scrotal hypospadias surgery repair by Dr Singal
Watch video of Proximal penile hypospadias surgery by Dr Singal
Posted in Cases worth noting,Hypospadias surgeon India | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on April 29, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Mr T.R., now 30 years old, was born in Dhaka city in Bangladesh with a urological anomaly called Hypospadias in which the urinary opening is on the underside of the penis rather than the tip. Hypospadias also leads to a downward curvature of the penis called Chordee. Hypospadias always needs surgery, a specialized procedure called Urethroplasty which is done by trained Pediatric Urologist surgeons in childhood itself. Unfortunately, due to lack of awareness and non-availability of Pediatric Urologist doctor in Bangladesh, his parents did not get any surgery done for him. Mr T.R. was a good student and did postgraduate in commerce and got a job with an international bank. He had always thought something was abnormal with his penis and hence started searching for specialist doctor for hypospadias surgery. He found out about Bumrungrad hospital in Thailand and Hypospadias Foundation at MITR Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. He sent his medical records to both the places but after exchanging a few emails with Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist who managed Hypospadias Foundation, decided to travel to Navi Mumbai for his treatment. He came to Kharghar in September 2014 and after a few tests for fitness for surgery and anesthesia underwent Urethroplasty surgery under care of a team of two surgeons: Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist and Dr Manish Dubey, Adult urologist. This is the same team which started Hypospadias foundation 6 years back. The whole surgery was performed in one stage and took three hours. T.R. also had a significant chordee and chordee correction surgery was done at the same time as hypospadias repair procedure. He was discharged to hotel in 2 days. Mr. T.R. recovered well after surgery and the catheter was removed after 14 days. Initially he had a little difficulty in passing urine but settled over the next few weeks. He has sent us reports of uroflowmetry from Bangladesh and they show a good urine flow of urine from the tip of penis.
Dr Singal said “Hypospadias is one of the most common birth defect in children but due to stigma attached to penile deformity no one talks about it. About 1 lakhs kids are born in India every year with this problem and ideally they should be operated by 1.5 years of age. There are an estimated 5 lakh adults and failed hypospadias surgery cases who are suffering and unable to get a cure as the surgeries 20 years back did not have such good results as we have now. Dr Manish Dubey and I started Hypospadias Foundation in 2008 as these children and families need lot of counselling and psychological support beyond surgery for full cure. Also the surgery is difficult and complicated, requires lot of patience and skill, and unless the surgeon is focused on taking this complicated issue head on, the results remain suboptimal. At hypospadias Foundation, we provide hypospadias treatment to more than 200 such children and adults every year and they come from all over India and from countries all over the world. Hypospadias Foundation remains world’s first and only organisation dedicated to caring for children and adults with hypospadias.”
Dr Manish Dubey said “We see lot of adult patients with issues from failed and un-operated hypospadias who come with psychological, infertility and urological issues. They don’t even know where to go for treatment and who is the right doctor for them as this is child urological abnormality which was not treated appropriately many years back. Here at Hypospadias Foundation, our team, does dedicated treatment to make sure that they recover on all aspects and become normal again.”
Dr Singal added “Adults take longer time to heal after hypospadias surgery. Coupled with spontaneous erections which occur in certain phases of sleep, it is little painful for initial few weeks. Over all the healing may take upto 2-3 months though one can join back work in 3-4 weeks after adult hypospadias surgery.
Mr T.R. said “I did a lot of research on internet before deciding to go to Navi Mumbai India for my hypospadias surgery. The focus and dedication with which Dr. Singal and Dr. Dubey manage patients with hypospadias is good to see. I am very thankful to Dr. Rajkumar also who took personal care for me when I was recovering. Besides, I found the full team of MITR is so helpful and caring that I didn’t feel uncomfortable during my stay. Especially I should have mentioned the name of Mrs. Emily who is an administrator of MITR Hospital, helped me a lot in every single stage with lovely smile. In terms of my treatment, I found Dr. Singal is very friendly and always listened me with lots of care. His hands on experience and depth of knowledge on this particular field makes him so confident which I liked most. Before my surgery I knew that hypospadias treatment on adult is so complicated thus I was in strain but after meeting Dr. Singal before my surgery made me so relaxed. After my surgery I felt complication while passing urine but Dr. Singal and Dr Dubey immediately managed the situation and solved the problem. Overall, it’s an excellent experience doing my surgery by Dr. Singal. I would strongly recommend Dr. Singal if anyone has been suffering from hypospadias in the adult stage. I would like to congratulate Dr. Singal and his team for doing the outstanding jobs. Wish the team all the very best.”
About Hypospadias Foundation:
Hypospadias Foundation is a part of MITR Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India and registered as a NGO under One Vision Health and Research Foundation. It was started by Dr A.K.Singal and Dr Manish Dubey on 26 Nov, 2008 and has to date treated more than 1000 kids and adults with hypospadias. Patients have come from virtually all states and major cities in India for Hypospadias treatment in Kharghar. Patients have also traveled from countries like Nigeria, Congo, Tanzania, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Greece, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Hypospadias Foundation aims to make sure that no child or adult is said no for surgery because of shortage of money or intent. Also, Hypospadias surgery training programs are planned in near future to train more surgeons to take care of Hypospadias Patients in a just, ethical and compassionate way.
Hypospadias Foundation was covered by yourstory.com, a leading online portal:
Videos of Hypospadias repair surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Adult hypospadias,Cases worth noting,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on April 27, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias is the most common urological anomaly (birth defect) seen in newborn babies worldwide. It is mostly diagnosed soon after the baby is born when the opening of for urine is seen to be on underside of penis, the foreskin (prepuce) is incomplete on the underside and there may be a bend in the penis (chordee). Very rarely, if the hypospadias is very mild, it can be missed on neonatal examination by even a pediatrician.
Lot of countries and religions practice and advocate newborn circumcision in all male babies but whenever hypospadias is diagnosed in newborn age, circumcision should not be done. During circumcision, the prepuce is cut off and a very vital tissue which is required for hypospadias repair surgery is lost. Prepuce or its layers are used for anatomical hypospadias correction surgery. In a circumcised boy, hypospadias repair becomes difficult and complication rate of hypospadias surgery is little higher.
Master K.Hadriel.Ileunga was born in Congo (Africa) in a small city. His doctor did not recognize at birth that he had a distal penile hypospadias. He underwent a circumcision in the first few days of life by a general practitioner doctor. Later his parents and doctors realized that Hadriel had a distal penile hypospadias. As he grew up in Congo (Africa) his parents worried about his hypospadias. They visited a few doctors in Congo but there was no pediatric urologist available in Congo who could do a hypospadias repair after circumcision. At this time, they learnt about Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai, India and sent an email to come and get treated under Dr A.K.Singal’s care, one of the most renowned pediatric urologists and the best Hypospadias Surgeon in India.
Finally in first week of Jan 2015, the family met Dr Singal in Navi Mumbai. On examination, Hadriel had a distal penile hypospadias without chordee. There was no prepuce as he had undergone a circumcision in newborn age. After discussing with the parents, Hadriel was taken up for Hypospadias repair surgery on 16 Jan 2015. The surgery was done using Tubularised incised plate urethroplasty – also called Snodgrass urethroplasty. The whole urethroplasty was completed in one stage. The child was discharged from hospital the next day and the hypospadias dressing was removed after 5 days. The urethral catheter was removed after one week of surgery. Hadriel passed urine in very good stream without any difficulty. After a final follow-up two week after surgery, Hadriel has gone back to Africa- his country Congo and family is very happy. Fortunately, he had an excellent result of hypospadias repair surgery even after a neonatal circumcision.
According to Dr Singal- As awareness about hypospadias has increased, hardly anybody does circumcision in neonatal age in bigger cities where pediatricians attend the delivery. In other countries and also in deeper areas of India where qualified medical professional may not be available, sometimes circumcision is performed without realizing that the child has hypospadias. Though non-availability of prepuce makes it difficult for the surgeon to perform a very secure and anatomical repair for hypospadias, but still good results are possible in hands of expert hypospadias specialists. Every year we get 3-4 such children from all over India who have undergone circumcision in neonatal age and had a hypospadias. Fortunately, we are able to give them excellent results at our dedicated Hypospadias Foundation centre in India.
To contact Dr Singal:
Please fill up this form: Contact form for Dr Singal
Watch Dr Singal perform a Distal hypospadias repair
Watch video of Single stage Scrotal Hypospadias repair by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Cases worth noting,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on February 7, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Across the borders for Hypospadias
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies affecting more than 4,00,000 newborn babies every year across the globe. The problem is not restricted to any particular country or race. Every year, our team at Hypospadias Foundation lead by Dr A.K. Singal manages kids with hypospadias from across India and also from other countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, Iraq, Bangladesh, USA and recently Greece.
Well, the kids from Greece were a whole different story. Though originally from Greece, their father Ioannis Padadatos was employed with a company in Delhi. Master Konstantinos and Spyridon Papadatos, twin babies were born in Delhi to Maria and Ioannis were noted to have hypospadias at birth. The hypospadias was relatively severe in both the children and had associated chordee. The urethral opening was near the scrotum (testis) called Penoscrotal hypospadias. Parents were very hassled as they had never heard of the condition before and now both their newborn babies had severe variety of hyposapdias. Dissatisfied with the information given by pediatricians, pediatric surgeons and urologists in Delhi, they took up to internet for more information. They contacted Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist & renowned Hypospadias surgeon who regularly writes articles at www.hypospadiasfoundation.com . Though they had visited the multiple doctors in delhi, what reassured them was the blogs written by dr A.K.Singal about his experience with children who had hypospadias.
After exchange of a few emails, Maria and Ioannis travelled all the way to Mumbai when the babies were 6 months old, in Nov 2013 to consult Dr A.K.Singal at Fortis Hospital in Vashi. Since the right age of surgery for hypospadias is 6 – 15 months, the parents elected to get the surgery done as soon as possible. After the blood tests, the parents again came to Mumbai in December to get the surgery done for both the kids. Master Spyridon underwent surgery on a Monday while Konstantinos underwent surgery on Tuesday. Though both had severe hypospadias and the parents were counseled that a two staged correction may be needed, the whole hypospadias surgical correction was performed in one stage using an Onlay Island Flap urethroplasty of which Dr Singal is an expert. The correction of penile curvature (chordee correction) and formation of new urinary tube (urethroplasty) were all performed in one stage.
After one more day post-surgery in Mumbai, the family travelled back to Delhi and kept in regular touch with Dr Singal via email. Dr Singal visited them one week later in Fortis Hospital in Delhi while attending a conference. Finally the catheter (urinary pipe) was removed after ten days of surgery and babies passed urine in good thick stream signifying a successful outcome in one stage. Now almost nine months after hypospadias surgery, both the babies are doing extremely well.
The family has now shifted to Doha, Qatar but they have taken a lot of India with them and most of all fond memories. We at Hypospadias Foundation are very happy to see the kids grow well and pass urine from a normal opening.
Dr Singal adds “With the advances in instruments and sutures plus better surgical techniques, we are able to do single stage correction for even severe hypospadias in most cases. Rarely we need second surgery and that too if there are complications in the first hypospadias surgery. I am happy that Maria and Ioannis trusted us for management of their children for hypospadias. They came with full faith and trust and that made my job so much easier. I will always remember their family and their beautiful kids. It was indeed a joy meeting them and knowing them. Sometimes I wonder as a hypospadias surgeon what kind of leap of faith the parents must take to travel in an unknown country to an unknown doctor and trust him/ her with the lives of their little ones. I truly appreciate their courage and faith.”
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Posted in Cases worth noting,For Parents and Patients,Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on August 29, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias is one of the most common malformations in boys and affects more than 1 lakh kids in India. At Hypospadias foundation and MITR Hospital, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India – we see and manage more than 200 kids every year who have hypospadias and need surgery. These cases are either primary (75%) or those have failed surgery elsewhere (25%)- some of them have failed multiple surgeries elsewhere.
We strongly believe that hypospadias surgical correction should not be taken lightly or casually by any surgeons as first hypospadias surgery is the best chance which the child has. Once the first hypospadias surgery has a complication, more surgeries are needed and still the result may not be optimal. Hence, the surgeon needs to be well trained for hypospadias repair procedure and should have a very keen and passionate interest before he takes up any child up for surgery for hypospadias.
Amongst the various techniques for hypospadias surgery, one of the most popular one is Tubularised Incised Plate (TIP) urethroplasty. TIP repair was first described by Prof Warren Snodgrass and it currently constitutes 70% of all distal and midpenile hypospadias repairs across the world. Due to its universal adoption and remarkable results, it is also known as Snodgrass repair. I had the good fortune of assisting Dr Warren Snodgrass during his multiple visits to India when I was a resident in pediatric surgery at All India Institute of Medical Sciences. I keep bumping him into now and then at pediatric urology conferences, the last one of which was European Society of Pediatric urology Congress in Genoa Italy. We received the best paper award at the conference and it was nice to see Dr Warren Snodgrass applauding us.
While TIP repair or Snodgrass urethroplasty has excellent results, case selection before surgery is very important. The criteria are:
In certain selected proximal hypospadias, Snodgrass repair can be used but on a personal level- a long Snodgrass repair may not be the best option in most cases. We have started using Onlay Island flap repair in most of our proximal hypospadias and all distal/ mid penile hypospadias which are unsuitable for TIP Urethroplasty.
Steps of surgery:
You can watch the video of a Snodgrass Urethroplasty for a distal penile hypospadias here.
In my experience as an expert hypospadias surgeon, while doing TIP urethroplasty everything has to be done meticulously to prevent complications. If I have to narrow down on two things which have really lessened the complications of hypospadias repair with Snodgrass urethroplasty at our centre are:
Master Soham’s parents stay in Latur, Maharashtra and their son was diagnosed to have a distal penile hypospadias at birth. Worried about multiple surgeries and poor outcomes for hypospadias repair- They searched for the best hypospadias surgeon on the internet and landed up in our pediatric urology clinic at MITR Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. We did the surgery using a Snodgrass repair technique in First week of May 2014. The surgery went well and child was discharged the evening of surgery. The dressing and catheter were removed 5 days after surgery and now one month after followup the child has an excellent outcome after hypospadias repair surgery. The cosmetic appearance is excellent with a meatus at the tip of penis, straight penis and just a circumcised appearance.
Parents are also happy and overjoyed.
If you wish to consult Dr Singal you can fill up this contact form here:
Or call up Dr Rajkumar at +91-9821261448 to discuss anything
Posted in Cases worth noting,For Parents and Patients | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on June 21, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Last Monday was like any other Monday. My pediatric urology clinic was full with appointments and I was getting into the rhythm of seeing children with complicated urinary problems and hypospadias. A young couple walked in with twin male babies, each about 7 months old. The boys were naughty and attentive and soon were soaking in the yellow and pink and greens of my outpatient clinic. I looked at the file and asked them the pediatric urological issues for which they were seeing me that day. They said their kid had hypospadias and both of them had hypospadias infact and they wanted to see a Pediatric urologist. Now that was a shocker!! Though this was not the first time that I was seeing twin boys with Hypospadias, but it was that once in two years phenomenon. And more striking since these boys had exactly the same type of hypospadias- which was distal penile hypospadias with mild chordee. Last year I had treated two brothers with hypospadias but the age was 3 and 5 years and thus difference in age was 2 years. The elder one has a mid penile hypospadias while the younger one had a distal penile hypospadias. I suddenly remembered the dilemmas which face a Pediatric Urologist & a Hypospadiologist while treating siblings with hypospadias.
• Which boy do you treat first – plan according to age – elder first or severity wise and severe hypospadias first and minor later?
• Whether you do them the same day or one after the other or with some gap of days in between?
• How will the parents manage two babies getting operated for the same thing at the same time?
• And if you operate one baby with hypospadias first and second one a few days later- what is the effect on their minds? How do they cope up with a situation where one has undergone a hypospadias surgery and the other one is waiting. Does the second kid get scared seeing the first one in pain after surgery and undergoing hospital visits and checkups? It was a tough situation to be in – for me as a hypospadias surgeon and even more for the parents who will have to care for the children 24×7 after surgery.
After a lot of deliberation, we decided that we do the hypospadias repair one after the other but on the consecutive days at MITR Hospital & Hypospadias Foundation. We admitted the elder sibling (with more severe hypospadias) for surgery on Tuesday morning and surgery was conducted as the first case in the morning. The younger kid was admitted on Wednesday morning and underwent uneventful repair on Wednesday itself. We arranged for two beds in one room so that both of them can share their side of the story. At least here there was no scope of having a feeling of being left out. Both of them for a fact got a HYPOSPADIAS SURGERY. Recovery period after surgery was smooth and both of them were discharged on Wednesday evening. The kids came back for follow-up on the same day after a week and their catheters were removed the same day. The children pee’d and actually compared their streams and for me luckily- both had good thick straight urine streams without any complications. Deep inside, throughout the recovery period, I was a bit worried about a complication happening. Luckily, everything went well and I had two happy kids with me. Now coming back to present case at hand- where I have a set of twin babies with hypospadias. So going by my previous experience, I think we will stick to the same plan. The only advantage here is that the kids are still less than one year of age and they won’t think much about surgery. I am planning to do them on a Tuesday and a Wednesday and then send them home on Wednesday itself.
Medicine lends itself to unusual off the script events every day and as we say every patient has a story. For us at Hypospadias Foundation – we believe every child hypospadias has a story with happy ending.
Posted in Cases worth noting,For Parents and Patients | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on July 17, 2013 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias