Hypospadias is a common congenital birth defect which occurs in 1/150 boys in India. 20-30 years back the treatment for hypospadias was very not very successful as the procedure and surgical techniques very not very refined, the number of expert hypospadias surgeons focussed on treatment was less, sutures and instruments for hypospadias surgery were also very basic. With advancing knowledge and expertise, these days in 2019, the results of hypospadias repair (urethroplasty) are much better. A lot of adults in this century, underwent surgery as children way back in 1980’s and 1990’s and some of them did not get good results even after multiple hypospadias surgeries due to complications. Some of these people lost hope at a cure and did not pursue further surgery for failed hypospadias. At Hypospadias Foundation, we regularly get such young adults who come from all over India to seek best treatment and cure for Hypospadias. One of the new techniques to cure such adults with hypospadias is to use skin from inside the mouth for making new urethra- called oral or buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty. In hands of an expert surgeon, it has extremely good results.
Mr A.G. 26 years old young man, engineer by profession, extremely smart and suave in nature, came to our hypospadias clinic one evening. He sat down and talked about the trauma of two failed hypospadias surgery which he underwent in Indore with a plastic surgeon. The last surgery was about 10 years back. He had lost hope for cure till he stumbled upon Hypospadias Foundation while searching online. He had come with a hope to get a cure for his hypospadias issue and get married soon. His present problem was thin stream of urine, pain while passing and leak of urine from underside of penis. On examination, his penis was straight (no chordee), he had a fistula in proximal penile region with thin unhealthy urethra. We sat with him and explained the plan to do a cystoscopy and check for quality of urethra and find out reason for repeated failure of surgery and then decide whether a one stage or two stage surgery is needed for full cure and best results of hypospadias surgery. A.G. agreed for the plan and wanted the best treatment.
On cystoscopy, we saw that his new urethra was thin and unhealthy. We cut it open from tip of penis to the site of fistula and actually little below that. We saw that the dorsal wall (roof of urethra) was healthy with minor scarring. We made a deep cut in the dorsal wall in the central midline. We took a buccal graft (oral or labial graft) from upper lip. The graft was fixed with absorbable sutures in the midline to form a part of the neo-urethra. The graft and surrounding urethral wall were rolled into a tube with absorbable sutures around a 14 Fr silicon catheter – all in one stage. The unhealthy skin was excised, and closure of skin also done in a cosmetic way. The catheter was removed after 3 weeks and at one month after catheter removal AG was passing urine in a thick stream without pain from the tip of penis. He was very happy and planning to get married soon. We advised him to marry atleast 6 months after hypospadias surgery. The new urethra is still a bit fragile for 3-4 months after surgery and it is better to wait for 6 months for intercourse (coitus/ sex) after surgery.
Buccal (oral) mucosa graft urethroplasty in adults:
An adult with multiple failed hypospadias surgeries, generally has no normal penile skin or prepuce left for hypospadias repair using local tissues from penis. Hence in such patients, it may be better to use skin from inside the mouth for making the new passage. The skin can be easily taken from inside of cheek or lips. The defect heals very fast and generally without much complications. The buccal graft adapts to penile location very well and has great long-term results in failed surgery. While some of these cases are suitable for a single stage surgery, some may require two stage surgery depending on the severity of the defect. Nonetheless, Buccal Graft Urethroplasty remains a great option with best long-term results for children and adults with Failed Hypospadias.
At Hypospadias Foundation in India, Dr Singal and his team have one of the best hypospadias surgery results in the world. Children and adults from more than 20 countries such as UAE, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Tanzania, Nigeria, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nepal, Indonesia, Egypt, Jordan etc come for treatment at our foundation. It is indeed heartening to see them go back with final cure from hypospadias.
To contact us write an email to email@example.com or contact us at +91-9821261448 between 9am-6pm India time or fill up this form for enquiry.
Watch Buccal Mucosa Graft Urethroplasty Video here:
Watch Two staged Buccal Mucosa repair surgery in a child:
Posted in Adult hypospadias,Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgery video,Success Stories | Posted by admin | Posted on February 3, 2019 by admin | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias repair surgery all over the world is done by surgeons from various fields such as Pediatric Urologists, Pediatric Surgeons, Urologists and Plastic surgeons. Considering that the number of children who suffer from Hypospadias is very high (almost 1 lakh in India every year and 3 lakhs all over the world), and that there are very less number of pediatric urologists in India (less than 10) it is obvious that majority of hypospadias would not be able to reach a pediatric urologist for best hypospadias treatment. That being said, results of the hypospadias surgery depend on the experience and interest of the surgeon in treating children with hypospadias more than the degree. Once a surgeon is doing more than 50-60 hypospadias repairs every year, the results of hypospadias surgery improve significantly. The accepted rate of complications in hypospadias correction is less than 25% in proximal severe hypospadias and less than 10% in more common distal or midpenile hypospadias. The children who have a failed hypospadias surgery may need a second surgery and in some cases even more surgeries. These failed hypospadias surgeries must be done by a hypospadias specialist or an expert hypospadias surgeon for best results.
Master A.R was born in Dibrugarh (Assam) and was noted to have a distal penile hypospadias. He underwent hypospadias repair surgery at Dibrugarh, Assam by a Pediatric surgeon at 2 years of age. After hypospadias surgery, he was kept in hospital for 10 days but upon removal of dressing he was noted to have complete breakdown of the hypospadias repair. His urinary opening had regressed back to the same location. Parents were very disturbed by the outcome and the treating doctor told them a second surgery will be needed in 6 months. Parents consulted surgeons in Calcutta (Kolkata) for second opinion for hypospadias but were not happy with their proposed approach. They came to know about Dr A.K.Singal, Hypospadias specialist surgeon doctor at Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai and contacted us. Finally, in November 2014, the family traveled from Assam in search for second surgery and complete treatment for Failed Hypospadias of their son.
On examination, Master A.R. had a complete dehiscence (breakdown) of the previous hypospadias repair and the urinary opening was still in distal penile location. The glans was open and there was excess skin on one side of penis due to previous surgery. The urethral plate was practically non-existent probably due to scarring from first hypospadias surgery. Parents were explained the various options for the second stage repair for hypospadias. Since there was some extra skin on one side we planned to use parts of it for final repair or use the buccal (oral) mucosa graft (lining of mouth either from cheek or lip).
During surgery, we observed that the skin on the side of the penis had a poor blood supply and was unsuitable to be used for onlay flap for urethroplasty. The second option was to use a buccal mucosa graft either in two stages or in one stage as an inlay graft. We decided to place the graft first as an inlay graft and then decide whether we can do the repair in single stage or do it as a staged urethroplasty. We harvested a 3 cm x 1 cm graft from the lower lip and defatted it nicely. We opened the urethra till we found a normal caliber urethra with thick walls. Then a midline deep incision was given in the urethral plate and graft was sutured in place with very fine absorbable sutures (6-0 PDS). This expanded the urethral plate especially in the head of penis (glans). Single stage inlay buccal (oral) mucosa graft urethroplasty was finished over 8 Fr catheter. Dressing was removed on day 5 and catheter was removed on day 10. A.R. passed urine well after catheter removal with excellent healing of the tissues. Though, he developed minor meatal stenosis (tight opening), this did not need any further surgery. Now after 6 months of surgery, he is doing well and happy passing urine from the tip of penis.
About Buccal (oral) mucosa graft urethroplasty:
Buccal mucosa is the lining of the inside of mouth (Cheeks, lips) and is a very suitable tissue to be used for certain specific situations in failed hypospadias surgery. Buccal mucosa urethroplasty is done for those cases where due to previous failed surgeries there is shortage of skin on the underneath of penis and there is no residual prepuce (foreskin). In primary hypospadias (where no surgeries have been done), there is no role or need for using buccal mucosa.
Parents often get alarmed when they are told that we will be using something from mouth for surgery on penis. But since this is a thin layer and the buccal mucosa has excellent regeneration capacity, once we remove a superficial thin layer, the defect doesn’t even need suturing in most cases. The new lining re-appears in 3-4 days’ time and there is no major long-term problem in most cases. Buccal mucosa is hairless and is used to staying wet, hence it is ideal for urethral reconstruction. Like any other graft, once it is taken from mouth and placed on penis – it has to take new blood supply locally. Hence whenever there is a big graft being taken, we wait for 5-6 months before doing the next surgery. In the present case, since the graft was small- we elected to a do the single stage buccal graft urethroplasty with a good result.
About the author:
Dr A.K.Singal is a renowned Pediatric Urosurgeon and one of the best hypospadias surgeons in world and India. Every year, he treats more than 150 kids and adults with primary and failed hypospadias at Hypospadias foundation in Navi Mumbai, India and at Ibn Al Nafees Hospital in Bahrain. Some of these failed hypospadias patients had given up hope for a good result before their referral to Hypospadias Foundation for successful treatment. With the team work and years of experience in treating patients with complex, severe and failed hypospadias, at Hypospadias Foundation we are able to give them cure and their normal life back.
To contact Dr Singal, Submit your enquiry here: http://www.hypospadiasfoundation.com/contact-form-for-patients/
Watch Surgery Video for Failed Hypospadias by Dr Singal
Posted in Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgery video,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on January 10, 2019 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias is very common congenital birth defect of penis. Most of these children require surgery in childhood. The accepted rate of complications after hypospadias repair in less than 20% in sever and under 10% in milder distal or midpenile hypospadias. When the first surgery for hypospadias fails, the children may need a second redo surgery and in some cases third or more surgeries. Such cases are best managed and treated by expert hypospadias surgeons or hypospadias specialist doctors.
Master AKM was born in Mumbai India. He was noted to have severe proximal penile hypospadias. He underwent one hypospadias repair at the age of 5 years and another one at 8 years of age. He developed pain in passing urine and used to really cry at time of passing urine. The treating surgeon at a top mumbai hospital, tried to open the urethra by taking under anesthesia and dilating 3-4 times but the symptoms of pain while passing urine returned again and again.
Finally, the parents came to Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai and contacted us. The child was attended to by Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric urologist & hypospadias surgeon. On examination, Master AKM had pus at the new opening of penis which was little under the head of penis even after previous multiple surgeries. The penis skin also looked unhealthy and hard at places. The child was admitted and given antibiotics by injections. Parents were explained about the serious condition and that cystoscopy will be needed to check the reason for child’s difficulty in passing urine.
During cystoscopy, it was realized that the new urethra made during surgery had all become very tight (Stricture). The urethra beyond penile region was also unhealthy till bulbar region near prostate gland. A condition called BXO (Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans) was suspected as the cause of the stricture. Dr Singal discussed with family for the need to open the entire urethra till prostate gland and then put skin from inside the mouth on underside of penis (Buccal mucosa) and then come and do the second stage surgery after 6 months. The parents agreed for the plan for staged buccal (oral) mucosa graft urethroplasty.
The urethra was opened on the underside of penis till bulbar region. Long buccal mucosa graft was harvested from right inner cheek. Since a long graft was needed, another buccal graft was taken from the lower lip (labial oral graft). For the proximal urethra- cheek buccal graft was placed as dorsal inlay graft and urethra was closed till penoscrotal region. From Penoscrotal region till glans- buccal graft from lip and cheek was placed, fixed and left open. A tie-over dressing was done to fix the graft and help in graft uptake.
After 6 months, the graft looked pink, healthy and soft. Second stage urethroplasty was finished over 8 Fr catheter as the graft and surrounding tissues looked supple now. Dressing was removed on day 5 and catheter was removed on day 10. AKM passed urine well after catheter removal with excellent healing of the tissues. We did a uroflowmetry to check flow of urine, it showed an excellent flow rate of 25ml/ sec. AKM remains well after two years of surgery and is growing up to be a smart young man. He and his family have put up all bad memories behind them and are keen to help other families who have kids suffering from hypospadias.
About buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty:
Buccal (oral) mucosa is inner lining of mouth (Cheeks, lips) and is a very good layer to be used for redo surgery in failed hypospadias. Buccal mucosa urethroplasty (also called oral mucosa graft) is recommended when there is shortage of skin on the underneath of penis and there is no residual prepuce (foreskin). Hence, buccal grafts have no role in primary or first surgeries for hypospadias.
Parents often get very worried and alarmed when we as hypospadias surgeons tell them that we will take the skin form the mouth to make urine passage in penis. The reasons are:
About the author:
Dr A.K.Singal is a renowned Pediatric Urosurgeon and one of the best hypospadias surgeons in India. At hypospadias Foundation in India and Bahrain, he takes care of more than 150 kids and adults with primary and failed hypospadias. Hypospadias foundation is located at MITR Hospital in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India and at Ibn Al Nafees Hospital, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.
With the team work, expertise, dedication, a bit of luck and years of experience in treating patients with complex, severe and failed hypospadias, at Hypospadias Foundation we are able to give them cure and their normal life back.
Posted in Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgery video,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on January 2, 2019 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Like every other surgery, hypospadias correction surgery has its own risks, complications and failures. Inspite of the best intentions and efforts of the parents and the treating hypospadias surgeon, still the results may be sub-optimal after the first surgery. Though at the end of hypospadias surgery in OT it may seem that the surgery has gone very well, sometimes there may be minor complications which necessitate a second surgery for hypospadias in some children. The rate of second surgery for a complication or failure of first hypospadias surgery decrease with the expertise and experience of the hypospadias surgeon but it is never zero and that is an important thing for the parents and families to understand.
When the first surgery for hypospadias fails, parents get very disturbed and start looking for more information on why it happened and the solutions and second opinion for hypospadias to help fix the problem. Most of the times, the primary surgeon may be the best person to solve the problem but sometimes the complication may be severe and in such cases the patient should be referred to a centre of excellence in hypospadias surgery.
While minor problems like fistula or cosmetic issues can be treated easily with as second minor surgery- major complications of hypospadias surgery such as urethral breakdown, dehiscence, urethral diverticulum or stricture may require more complicated or even a staged repair with grafts. Hence, the dictum- that first surgery for hypospadias is the best surgery- further surgery if the first one fails is always more difficult and challenging.
At Hypospadias Foundation, we regularly receive kids and adults from all over India and other countries who have had a failed hypospadias surgery elsewhere. Families request for a second opinion for the hypospadias treatment and we advise them comprehensively. Some of these cases really benefit from the specialist care offered by a dedicated hypospadias team.
Master A.G., a 3 years old boy, resident of Nagpur, underwent a surgery for a proximal penile hypospadias surgery at a hospital in Vellore. Unfortunately, the healing was not optimal and the whole repair had a breakdown. After 6 months of previous surgery, the family wrote to us and visited us at our centre in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. On examination, the child has proximal penile meatus with mild chordee. There was a remnant of foreskin (prepuce) on the underside of penis. There was no foreskin left on the topside of penis. We explained to the parents that this may require a two stage repair but we will try out best to make a flap from the residual foreskin and do the surgery in one stage.
Finally after pre-surgery tests and fitness assessments, we took the child for redo-hypospadias surgery. We could make a nice onlay flap out of the foreskin remnant by carefully dissecting the blood supply and preserving the supply to this flap skin. The flap was used to make the new urethra in one stage as it can be seen in the video below. The surgery took about 3 hours and the child was allowed feeds four hours after surgery. The dressing was removed after 7 days and catheter after 10 days. The hypospadias site healed very well and the child was examined again after 1 month. He was passing urine well in a single stream from the tip of penis. Now, 6 months after hypospadias repair, A.G. continues to do well and his parents are very happy and we are also overjoyed to achieve a good result in this challenging failed hypospadias case. The detailed hypospadias surgery video can be watched by clicking below. Besides the story mentioned here, the video below shows another child story from Raipur, Chattisgarh where the first surgery resulted in a penile torsion and a large fistula. The child underwent a successful single stage surgery at Hypospadias Foundation:
Watch Video of Failed Hypospadias surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
About Hypospadias Foundation
Hypospadias Foundation is an organisation dedicated to care and cure of children and adults suffering from hypospadias and Disorders of Sex development (DSD). Hypospadias is a unique penile urological birth defect and requires complicated and skillful surgery. The results of hypospadias surgery improve with dedication and the number of surgeries a hypospadias surgeon does every year. Besides surgery, a proper selection of the technique and care of the child before and after surgery also matters.
Since its inception in 2008, our dedicated team at Hypospadias Foundation has cared for a large number of children and adults with hypospadias from across India (practically all states) and more than 20 countries. Dr A.K.Singal, Dr Manish Dubey, Dr Rajkumar , Emily Paul, Dr Ajit Baviskar, Naina along with anesthesia team and other staff make sure that every patient with hypospadias receives compassionate care and cure.
If you or your loved one has hypospadias and wish to seek an opinion, please write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or contact Dr Rajkumar- Coordinator at +91-9821261448 between 10 am-5pm India Time.
You can also fill up this contact form: Contact Hypospadias Foundation
or come to MITR Hospital in person after taking an appointment by sending an email at email@example.com or calling up at +91-22-27743558/ 4229 or +91-9324180553
Watch Video of proximal penile hypospadias correction by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch Video of scrotal hypospadias repair by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgery video,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on July 17, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias remains the most common urological abnormality affecting more than 1 lakh kids in India alone (based on incidence of 1/150 in newborn boys). Leaving aside very minor hypospadias without chordee- almost 70-80% of these require hypospadias treatment in form of repair surgery in early childhood.
For a child with Hypospadias, the first surgery is always the best surgery but still there can be complications and failure even in expert hands though complications are much less if operated by a surgeon or a centre where there is a focused practice in treating children with hypospadias. Literature and experts suggest that if a hypospadias surgeon is doing more than 50 hypospadias repairs in a year, then his results will be better and more predictable as compared to a general pediatric surgeon or a urologist who does only 10-20 hypospadias repairs in a year. Once a hypospadias surgery fails, then the next surgeries become more difficult and result more unpredictable. The failure rate of hypospadias surgeries vary from 5% to 50% depending on the type and severity of hypospadias in general centres and less than 10% in centres where hypospadias surgeries are done by expert hypospadias surgeons on a day to day basis.
Master A.P. was born with a distal penile hypospadias and underwent first surgery in Ahmedabad at the age of 6 years. Unfortunately, the surgery failed and he started passing urine from the same place on the underside of penis- a fistula. The new urinary passage through the head of the penis got tight and closed off. The surgeon tried to open it many times by catheter insertion but it failed. Coupled with failed hypospadias, the child also had an unsatisfactory cosmetic appearance in form of bunching of skin on underside of penis. With this situation they contacted Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric urologist and expert Hypospadias surgeon at Hypospadias foundation in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai when the boy was ten years of age. After examining and confirming that the whole urinary pipe will have to be remade from distal penile region to the tip of penis (glans), Dr Singal advised a Onlay island flap repair for which the flap would be raised from the nearby bunched up skin. This repair is technically challenging because of previous failed hypospadias surgery but this was the only chance for the boy to have a single stage repair. The surgery for failed hypospadias was finished in 2 hours and A.P. was ready for discharge the next day but since they had travelled all the way from Gujarat, they decided to stay for 7-8 days in Navi Mumbai. The catheter was removed on day7 and he passed urine well from the tip. For the first one month after surgery, there were some chances of new opening getting tight, hence we taught the boy to insert a small catheter just 1cm into the new opening with an antibiotic ointment. The penis healed well in next 3 months and he has remained free of all symptoms now for last 5 years. At 15 years of age and after his 10th standard exams, A.P visited us and had a big smile on his face. He is looking forward to higher education and he shared with us his dreams and further education goals. We plan to see him again one last time at 18 years of age. His penis growth and his functional & cosmetic outcome has been excellent so far.
Letter of thanks from the father:
Dear Dr Singal,
My son A.P was operated first at Ahmedabad. The hypospadias problem was not solved and it actually worsened and we were very tense my son’s future life. While searching through internet I came to know about you and your colleague doctors.
From your past surgeries and mastery about Hypospadia surgeries we decided and contacted you before surgery. At Mitr hospital, from the first meeting with you, we were confident about our son’s second Hypospadias surgery and we decided to do it only with you.
At Mitr Hospital, we experienced very good pre and after surgery treatment from Doctors and staff also, very good and polite staff. At Gujarat we don’t have such experienced and professional hospital staff. I think this is also very important besides doctors. I feel that if the doctors are not confident they must not try and go ahead for these type of surgeries because once it is fails, the situation of patient and his family is unbearable. It creates psychological problems also and these can be very stressful to handle. Thanks to your team, my son is doing well now.
M.P., Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
About Failed Hypospadias repair:
When the hypospadias surgery fails, it is a moment of distress and lot of anguish for the parents. Even the doctors feel terrible because they know that even a hypospadias surgery which has been done well doesn’t mean that everything will heal also well. There are many variable factors which affect healing and hence, complications of hypospadias surgery happen sometimes even in best of hypospadias surgeon’s hands. The only difference being that when an expert hypospadias surgeon does the surgery, the chances of complications decreases drastically. And even if the complications happen, they can be managed well without any panic or long lasting impact.
The complications which may need second surgery are: urethral fistula, tight urethra (stenosis or urethral stricture), residual curvature (chordee), dehiscence (complete breakdown or partial breakdown), diverticulum, penile torsion or an unsatisfactory cosmetic outcome. Once it is ascertained that a second surgery is indeed needed for hypospadias, it is important to wait for 5-6 months before planning the next surgery.
About Dr A.K.Singal
Dr A.K.Singal is a well known Pediatric Urologist and one of the best hypospadias surgeons in India. Every year under his care in Mumbai, Thane and Navi Mumbai, more than 150 children undergo hypospadias treatment. More than 50 of these are children who have failed hypospadias surgery done elsewhere. With his deep understanding and experience, Dr Singal and his team are able to offer care and cure to these children. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org or you can call his Assistant Doctor – Dr Rajkumar at 98212161448 if you wish to take a second opinion for a failed hypospadias surgery. Else you can fill up this contact form:
Posted in Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on April 1, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Besides 100,000 kids born in India every year with hypospadias, there are an estimated 5-10 lakh adults living with either unoperated hypospadias or failed hypospadias having complications of Hypospadias surgery. These can be minor issues such as urethral fistula, chordee or suboptimal cosmetic results but a significant number may have major issues such as completely failed hypospadias, urethral diverticulum, hairy urethra, urethra stricture etc. Unable to come to terms with penile deformity, they do not get any hope or assurances from adult urologists or plastic surgeons as this may not be the area of primary interest or dedication for them.
Mr Rajveer Singh, 30 years old man, had a midpenile hypospadias with chordee and was operated by a plastic surgeon in Hissar Haryana 2 years back. After surgery, there was a breakdown of hypospadias repair and he was still passing urine from underside of penis. He was still having a downward curvature of penis (chordee) even after this surgery. Also he had seen hair growing out of urinary opening over last few months. He was very worried as he wanted to get married, hence he wrote to us asking for help. We wrote back asking for detailed pictures on email which would help us in understanding his clinical condition and hypospadias deformity. Finally, we called him to see us at Hypospadias Foundation in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. He took a flight from Delhi to Mumbai and landed up in my Hypospadias clinic on a Monday evening. On examination, he had a urinary opening much below the head of penis in midpenile region and also a couple of holes (urethral fistula) from where he was leaking urine. More importantly his penis still looked bent due to uncorrected chordee. Lastly the cosmetic outcome was really bad with tags of skin here and there and we could see hair coming out of his urethra due to previous failed improper hypospadias surgery. This results when an undertrained hypospadias surgeon uses hairy penile skin for urethral reconstruction. We counselled Rajveer regarding the surgical plan the first step of which would be excision of all unhealthy skin tissue on underside of penis, chordee correction (straightening of penis) and then decide for the type of hypospadias repair in operation theatre. This would be either a single stage repair using a local flap from hairless penile skin or a staged repair using a buccal mucosa graft. In staged buccal mucosa graft – we first excise all unhealthy tissue and scars of failed hypospadias repair, then take a thin lining from inside of lower lip or cheek and then place it as a graft on underside of penis. Once this graft gains local blood supply from penis tissue, we roll it into a urethral tube typically after 6 months of first stage. We always keep buccal graft as the last option in failed hypospadias as that essentially means multiple surgeries. Hence, we attempt to do a single stage flap repair whenever feasible even in failed hypospadias and hence we shared this intent with Rajveer.
Rajveer was taken up for surgery the next day under spinal anesthesia and first a cystoscopy was done. It showed normal urethra beyond midpenile region and unhealthy scarred hairy urethra with fistulae in the distal penile region. We excised all the unhealthy tissues and then checked for chordee. There was still 30 degrees bend in penis which needed correction by a 12 O’clock non-absorbable stitch on the top side of penis. On rechecking with artificial erection, there was no chordee now. After chordee repair was satisfactory, we analysed the penile skin on the right side of penis. We could see an island of hairless skin which was possibly remnant of foreskin (prepuce). We designed a long flap from this with very good blood supply from the underlying dartos tissue. This flap was used in an onlay fashion to repair hypospadias in a single stage. Finally head of the penis (glans) was also repaired and a catheter was placed to drain urine till the whole repair healed. Rajveer went back to his home town in Haryana after 3 days of surgery and then we arranged for one of my surgeon colleagues in Hissar (Dr Vivek Gupta) to help with post hypospadias surgery care. The catheter was removed on day 14 since it was a major hypospadias reconstruction. Rajveer passed urine well and but the full healing of the penis took about 4 weeks. The final cosmetic result was excellent when he sent the pictures via email. He visited us recently almost 3 months after surgery, the penis looked well healed and he is passing urine well from the tip in a good stream. His erections are straight and he is now looking forward to get married. The only question is whether he will invite me for his wedding or not and if he invites, how will he introduce me.
When such complex failed cases do well after hypospadias treatment at Hypospadias foundation, it makes us very happy. We feel our goal of starting the foundation in Nov 2008 has been fulfilled. Last six years have been a long and exciting journey but is has been a very challenging time. When we started we never knew the burden of problem was so high. Along the way we have been privileged to be a part of lives of more than 600 kids and adults with Hypospadias from all over India and some countries abroad. Almost 25% of those receiving treatment at Hypospadias Foundation, have been patients with failed hypospadias who received surgery elsewhere. Though initially we started only with management of hypospadias in children but we realized that there is huge gap when it comes to treatment of hypospadias in adults. Along with Dr Manish Dubey, my close friend who is an adult urologist we are able to offer good care and success rates in adults and failed hypospadias.
In last three years, Hypospadias Foundation has welcomed many patients from many other states and countries such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Greece, Afghanistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, UAE-Dubai, Oman, Great Britain (UK), USA, Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya, Congo, Zambia and this number continues to grow attesting to our devotion to the field of Hypospadias. Within India, kids and their families have travelled for treatment of hypospadias from Assam, Kolkata, Orissa (Puri, Bhubhaneshwar), Ranchi, Chattisgarh (Raipur, Katni), Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Surat, Baroda, Gandhinagar), MP (Indore, Bhopal), Himachal, Delhi, Haryana (Hissar, Rohtak, Panipat), Rajasthan (Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur), Maharashtra (Jalgaon, Pune, Aurangabad, Nasik, Nagpur, Parbhani, Dhule, Solapur, Kolhapur, Ahmednagar, Ratnagiri), Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow, Allahabad, Meerut), Goa, Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad, Belgaum, Guntur), Uttarakhans (Dehradun), Jammu, Kerala (Cochin), Tamilnadu (Chennai, Salem, Coimbatore) and Punjab (Chandigarh, Ludhiana and Patiala).
About the author:
Dr A.K.Singal is a Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadiologist practicing in western india in area of Navi Mumbai and Thane. He is counted as one of the best hypospadias expert surgeons in the world and every year manages more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias. He is available at the following clinics :
To send an enquiry to Dr Singal’s team please fill up this form: Contact Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Single stage repair surgery of severe hypospadias by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of repair of glanular hypospadias with chordee by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Adult hypospadias,Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on November 12, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
The tale of hypospadias does not stop in first few years of life for everyone. This is especially true of adults and adolescents who underwent hypospadias surgery repair using older techniques and with lesser trained Hypospadias surgeons 15-20 years back. While a majority of these have done well, there is a sizable population of adults in India who have persistent issues secondary to hypospadias such as urethral fistulas, persistent penile chordee (bending of penis), urethral stricture or bad cosmetic outcome. As Pediatric urologist and a surgeon with deep interest in hypospadias (hypospadiologist), we keep seeing such patients on a regular basis now.
There are atleast estimated 5 lakh adults/ adolescents in India with untreated, complicated or residual issues of hypospadias in India. Some of these people live an unsatisfied life thinking that no cure is possible because that is what they have been brought up to think. Individuals who have failed multiple surgeries are called Hypospadias cripples in medical community signifying the crippling effect which inadequately treated hypospadias can have in a person’s life.
Fortunately, with newer techniques, better hypospadias surgery instruments, very good sutures like PDS, availability of dedicated hypospadias surgery teams and expert hypospadias surgeons good results are possible in any patient with previous failed hypospadias surgery even in hypospadias cripples.
Here is story in point:
Six months back I saw Mr RK, a 30 year old young man, who had been a case of failed hypospadias – operated for hypospadias twice in his childhood in a hospital in Delhi. Both the surgeries had met with partial success and his parents had left him like that and lost hope at a completely functional urethra. RK had been a good student and went on to do Engineering graduation from IIT and then a MBA from Pune. He had taken up a job in multinational company and now was planning to get married. Infact, he had delayed marriage inspite of a successful career because he was never satisfied with outcome of his hypospadias surgery. That’s why he looked up on internet and came to see us at Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai.
At the first consultation itself and being in relatively the same age group, we hit it off really well and he was quite frank and objective about his condition and that kind of interaction helps a hypospadias specialist like me. When I examined him, he had a persistent mild chordee but the bigger issue was his urinary opening (meatus) was not on the tip of penis (glans penis) but way down in distal penile location. He had many skin bridges and scarred islands of skin and a large urethral fistula in proximal penile region. There was a bit of penoscrotal transposition as well. On questioning, he was passing 50% of the urine from the urethral fistula and 50% from the distal penile location without any straining and in good urinary stream. None of these problems were major by themselves and could have been cured easily but after two failed hypospadias repairs in childhood, I think parents just gave up hope.
So we discussed with RK at length about the various things which needed to be done-
The surgery was done next week at MITR Hospital & Hypospadias Foundation. Dr Manish Dubey, Urologist and Co-founder of Hypospadias Foundation helped me with the surgery and management immediately post surgery. RK was sent home the day after surgery. A follow up visit for hypospadias dressing removal was planned on day 5 and catheter removal o day 10.
Some of things especially in adults undergoing hypospadias surgery, which we took care of to ensure smooth recovery and are different from children:
We were also worried about higher chances of wound infection and bleeding after redo-hypospadias repair. For pain and prevention of erections we gave benzodiazepine derivative tablets and phenobarbitone along with diclofenac and that helped pretty well for two weeks. For the catheter, we used a Foleys silicon catheter for 10 days and left it to drain in a urine bag which RK could carry with him and walk around within his home.
Fortunately, everything went well and now after 3 months of hypospadias surgery, the hypospadias surgery site is healing well and there is no more pain during erections. The urine stream is good and RK is passing from the tip of his penis for the first time in his life standing like a normal man. He is not shy to use the public toilets anymore- He just stands up and delivers.
We have asked him to wait for three more months before planning marriage and these three months he is actually going to spend in finding the right girl for himself. For him, we hope the chapter of HYPOSPADIAS is closed now.
The only question remains whether as a Hypospadiologist I will get invited to his marriage- if yes, how will he introduce me? As the doctor who fixed his penis? I think that is too much and I will just skip attending his marriage and I wish him the best of luck always from our side and from everyone at MITR hospital and Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai, India.
Posted in Adult hypospadias,Failed & redo Hypospadias,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on January 30, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
I get a lot of enquiries about hypospadias through our Hypospadias foundation website – Most of these are from concerned parents, sometimes from relatives, sometimes from referring doctors but rarely from patients themselves. For writing about themselves, the patients have to be old enough to go on Internet and seek help. And with advancing awareness, these days most of the kids are referred to me in first few months of age and sometimes even in newborn age. So to get an inquiry from a patient happens only a couple of times in a month. And most of these are enquiries before an impending marriage!
I was intrigued when I got an email from a VK 34 years old man wanting to consult me for hypospadias. My assistant, Akshay, explained to him about my consultation time at MGM vashi and at Mitr hospital.
On Monday evening, VK wrote to me again saying that he went to MGM Vashi but they refused to make a file for him and sent him back with the explanation that Dr Singal treats only kids till 15 years of age. I felt really bad and I sent an email back to him and asked Akshay to schedule an out of turn consultation for the young man on Tuesday. Tuesday otherwise is usually my free day.
So Tuesday evening, in walked VK, a smart confident young man. He was working as a senior software analyst in a well known consulting company and was married for last 3 years. The consultation began on a nice note. I went through all the papers dating back to one year of age. VK was born with a scrotal hypospadias and had undergone two stage repair at Wadia Hospital when he was 5 years of age, thereafter he had required a couple of minor procedures for narrowing of passage and urethral fistula but was mostly passing urine well. His main reason for consultation at this time was infertility. Secondary issue which we discussed was splaying of urine at time of passing urine. His urine came out in a form a spray rather than a well directed stream and he would often wet his pants and thus found it difficult to use a urinal for expeditious passing of urine.
His sperm count was almost normal and he was able to have normal erections and ejaculations. The ejaculate was not forceful so an intrauterine insemination (IUI) had been tried but two sessions had failed.
His secondary problem of a sprayed kind of urine stream was due to a wide open urinary meatus (hole) with a funnel kind of appearance and lot of loose skin folds around it. Also, the urinary opening was not at the tip of the penis but was rather on the underside about 3 cm from the tip.
From a functional point of view, the location of the urinary opening was not in too bad a location to cause infertility. Also, since IUI had failed, I was sure that the infertility problem was not due to hypospadias per se. Given the high incidence of primary infertility these days and advanced age of the mother (34 years), the infertility may have been because of some other factors.
In his own mind, VK had thought that it was his hypospadias problem which was causing infertility. I spent close to 40 minutes trying to draw diagrams and explaining to him that we should look for other causes of infertility. Finally, he was convinced and then I referred him to an infertility specialist and an andrologist. The plan was:
Both for the patient and the surgeon, it is very important to have the goals and expectations from any treatment set at the beginning of the treatment itself. VK had come to me with a primary issue of infertility and the secondary issue was urinary splaying due to incompletely repaired hypospadias. By solving his hypospadias issue, we could not have solved his infertility problem and I did not want him to have any false hopes and thus get surgery done for the wrong reason/ indication. Overall, VK was very happy with the plan. I hope that he will have a baby soon and then we will fix his rest of the urinary issues in a single stage and well.
Over the last few years, our team – myself and Dr Manish Dubey have treated about 20 adults with various kinds of hypospadias and residual problems. Some of these have been for urethral fistulas, others for residual chordee or cosmetic issues. Most of these have come just before marriage or when they are facing issues such as VK. A couple of patients actually travelled from south India and one from Dubai to get treated.
Posted in Adult hypospadias,Failed & redo Hypospadias | Posted by admin | Posted on September 30, 2012 by admin | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias