Like every other surgery, hypospadias correction surgery has its own risks, complications and failures. Inspite of the best intentions and efforts of the parents and the treating hypospadias surgeon, still the results may be sub-optimal after the first surgery. Though at the end of hypospadias surgery in OT it may seem that the surgery has gone very well, sometimes there may be minor complications which necessitate a second surgery for hypospadias in some children. The rate of second surgery for a complication or failure of first hypospadias surgery decrease with the expertise and experience of the hypospadias surgeon but it is never zero and that is an important thing for the parents and families to understand.
When the first surgery for hypospadias fails, parents get very disturbed and start looking for more information on why it happened and the solutions and second opinion for hypospadias to help fix the problem. Most of the times, the primary surgeon may be the best person to solve the problem but sometimes the complication may be severe and in such cases the patient should be referred to a centre of excellence in hypospadias surgery.
While minor problems like fistula or cosmetic issues can be treated easily with as second minor surgery- major complications of hypospadias surgery such as urethral breakdown, dehiscence, urethral diverticulum or stricture may require more complicated or even a staged repair with grafts. Hence, the dictum- that first surgery for hypospadias is the best surgery- further surgery if the first one fails is always more difficult and challenging.
At Hypospadias Foundation, we regularly receive kids and adults from all over India and other countries who have had a failed hypospadias surgery elsewhere. Families request for a second opinion for the hypospadias treatment and we advise them comprehensively. Some of these cases really benefit from the specialist care offered by a dedicated hypospadias team.
Master A.G., a 3 years old boy, resident of Nagpur, underwent a surgery for a proximal penile hypospadias surgery at a hospital in Vellore. Unfortunately, the healing was not optimal and the whole repair had a breakdown. After 6 months of previous surgery, the family wrote to us and visited us at our centre in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. On examination, the child has proximal penile meatus with mild chordee. There was a remnant of foreskin (prepuce) on the underside of penis. There was no foreskin left on the topside of penis. We explained to the parents that this may require a two stage repair but we will try out best to make a flap from the residual foreskin and do the surgery in one stage.
Finally after pre-surgery tests and fitness assessments, we took the child for redo-hypospadias surgery. We could make a nice onlay flap out of the foreskin remnant by carefully dissecting the blood supply and preserving the supply to this flap skin. The flap was used to make the new urethra in one stage as it can be seen in the video below. The surgery took about 3 hours and the child was allowed feeds four hours after surgery. The dressing was removed after 7 days and catheter after 10 days. The hypospadias site healed very well and the child was examined again after 1 month. He was passing urine well in a single stream from the tip of penis. Now, 6 months after hypospadias repair, A.G. continues to do well and his parents are very happy and we are also overjoyed to achieve a good result in this challenging failed hypospadias case. The detailed hypospadias surgery video can be watched by clicking below. Besides the story mentioned here, the video below shows another child story from Raipur, Chattisgarh where the first surgery resulted in a penile torsion and a large fistula. The child underwent a successful single stage surgery at Hypospadias Foundation:
Watch Video of Failed Hypospadias surgery by Dr A.K.Singal
About Hypospadias Foundation
Hypospadias Foundation is an organisation dedicated to care and cure of children and adults suffering from hypospadias and Disorders of Sex development (DSD). Hypospadias is a unique penile urological birth defect and requires complicated and skillful surgery. The results of hypospadias surgery improve with dedication and the number of surgeries a hypospadias surgeon does every year. Besides surgery, a proper selection of the technique and care of the child before and after surgery also matters.
Since its inception in 2008, our dedicated team at Hypospadias Foundation has cared for a large number of children and adults with hypospadias from across India (practically all states) and more than 20 countries. Dr A.K.Singal, Dr Manish Dubey, Dr Rajkumar , Emily Paul, Dr Ajit Baviskar, Naina along with anesthesia team and other staff make sure that every patient with hypospadias receives compassionate care and cure.
If you or your loved one has hypospadias and wish to seek an opinion, please write to us at email@example.com or contact Dr Rajkumar- Coordinator at +91-9821261448 between 10 am-5pm India Time.
You can also fill up this contact form: Contact Hypospadias Foundation
or come to MITR Hospital in person after taking an appointment by sending an email at firstname.lastname@example.org or calling up at +91-22-27743558/ 4229 or +91-9324180553
Watch Video of proximal penile hypospadias correction by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch Video of scrotal hypospadias repair by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgery video,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on July 17, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hypospadias remains the most common urological anomaly in boys and more than 1 lakh kids are born in India every year with Hypospadias. Majority of these are mild variety like glanular, coronal, distal penile or midpenile hypospadias. Less than 15% of all hypospadias are moderate to severe variety of hypospadias like proximal penile, penoscrotal or scrotal hypospadias. While very mild hypospadias like glanular or coronal without chordee may be left alone without surgery, all other types of hypospadias or those with chordee require hypospadias correction treatment.
There are more than 100 different types of hypospadias surgery techniques described in medical literature attesting to the fact that none of the techniques are perfect or suitable for all types of hypospadias. The hypospadias specialist surgeon needs to be well acquainted with anatomy and various techniques to decide the type of surgery needed in a particular hypospadias case. Subtle variations in anatomy decide the type of technique needed. Hence the decision for each hypospadias is very individualized.
The common techniques in use for primary hypospadias are TIP urethroplasty (Snodgrass repair), Mathieu repair, Onlay Island flap urethroplasty, Prepucial tube and staged Bracka’s urethroplasty. Each technique of hypospadias surgery has its own advantages and disadvantages and case selection becomes very important.
Case: Boy from Lucknow
Master A.C. was born with proximal penile hypospadias in Lucknow. He was advised surgery after one year of age by the doctors in Lucknow. They consulted various surgeons in Lucknow and Delhi but were not satisfied by the approach. Finally, the boy’s uncle who was a scientist in CSIR sent an email to Hypospadias Foundation with all records and pictures asking for an opinion. We advised a clinical examination and a single stage surgery. The family flew to Mumbai and saw us in MITR Hospital, Kharghar where Hypospadias Foundation is located. The penis size for Master A.C. was very small with a stretched penile length of 2 cm and Glans diameter of 11mm. We advised two injections of Testosterone (male hormone) to induce growth of penis at one month interval. After one month of second injection, the glans size increased to 15.5 mm and penis length to 29mm. At this time, we planned a hypospadias correction surgery. A.C. was admitted the morning of surgery and a single stage urethroplasty was done using Onlay Island Flap technique for which Dr Singal is very renowned. The surgery took 90 minutes and the boy was discharged the next morning after hypospadias surgery. The dressing was removed after 5 days and catheter was removed after 10 days. A.C. passed urine well and at one month follow-up was passing urine in a good stream without any issues. The penis has healed very well with an excellent cosmetic result. The parents were overjoyed and sent an email of thanks after one month from Lucknow. Further follow-ups will be via email and phone calls. Patients from across the globe follow-up with us using electronic medium such as email, whats app and skype.
Testosterone (hormone) injection before Hypospadias surgery
In some cases of hypospadias the penile size may be small and the head of penis (glans) may be very tiny. In such cases it is difficult to repair the hypospadias adequately. We advise testosterone injections in dose of 25mg intramuscular injections two months and one month before surgery. The testosterone injections help in two ways: Increasing the size of penis and glans; secondly the blood supply (vascularity) of the foreskin increases which helps in making a good flap in severe hypospadias. Two doses of testosterone injections do not have any short term or long term side effects on body growth etc. Part of the effect of testosterone on penile growth is reversible but part increase in size of penis is permanent. For us at Hypospadias foundation, we give Testosterone injections for babies where the penis size is less than 25mm or the glans diameter is less than 13-14mm.
Onlay Island flap urethroplasty
Onlay island flap urethroplasty is a type of hypospadias repair surgery where a flap is made from foreskin on the top of penis (dorsal prepuce) and brought on underside of penis. This flap is based on a robust blood supply from dartos tissue of the foreskin (see the video below). Onlay island flap urethroplasty is reserved for severe hypospadias or where the TIP repair is not suitable and the chordee is not very severe. In hands of expert hypospadias surgeons, Onlay Island flap urethroplasty offers best results in repair of severe hypospadias. Dr A.K.Singal is one of the best hypospadias surgeon specialists in India for such surgeries. Dr Singal has been invited at various national and international conferences to showcase his surgical technique (see video below). Every year more than 200 children and adults with primary or failed hypospadias are operated under his team’s care in Navi Mumbai, India.
If your child has a hypospadias and you wish to get in touch with Dr Singal for treatment, you can fill up the contact form below or you can see him at one of his hypospadias clinics in Navi Mumbai or Mumbai. You can also call up Dr Rajkumar, Co-ordinator for Hypospadias Foundation at +91-9821261448 between 9am-6pm to discuss any queries.
See Video of Proximal penile hypospadias repair using Onlay Island flap technique- by Dr A.K.Singal
See Scrotal Hypospadias repair using Onlay Island flap urethroplasty- by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai,Hypospadias surgery video,Hypsoapdias Surgeon delhi | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on March 4, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Distal penile hypospadias is the most common type of hypospadias in children. The urethral opening is located on the underside of penis but in last 1/3 of the penis. While some of the distal hypospadias may have an associated bend in penis called Chordee, most of the distal hypospadias may not have a chordee. There are many types of hypospadias surgery techniques described and the hypospadias surgeon selects the type of repair depending on the anatomy.
The key factors in deciding the repair are:
Snodgrass repair or Tubularised incised plate urethroplasty was described by Dr Warren Snodgrass in 1992 and relies on using the natural tissues of penis on the underside for making a new urinary passage. The basic concept is midline incision of the open urethra from the urinary opening till the head of penis. This expands the urethral plate and allows it rolled into a new urethral tube which can heal very well.
The critical steps are:
Follow-up and care after hypospadias repair surgery with TIP urethroplasty:
Most of the children are discharged by the evening of hypospadias surgery. Antibiotic syrup, pain killers and antispasmodic medicines are given for a week’s time. The parents are taught double diaper care and we call the children for follow-up after 5-7 days for removal of dressing and catheter at the same time. The hypospadias dressing is removed in clinic itself and the parents are advised to apply an antibiotic ointment on the penis for 2-3 weeks. Bath can be given as soon as the dressing is removed. We call for follow-up two weeks after catheter removal and after 3 months if everything is healing well.
About the author:
Dr A.K.Singal is a renowned Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadias Surgeon practicing in western india in area of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Thane. He is counted as one of the best hypospadias expert surgeons in the world and every year manages more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias. He started Hypospadias Foundation in 2008 and Hypospadias Foundation remains the world’s only organisation dedicated to children with Hypospadias. Children from more than 20 countries travel every year to India to consult for hypospadias treatment under his team’s care.
He is available at the following clinics : Clinics and Timings for Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair surgery video by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch video of Single stage repair surgery of severe hypospadias by Dr A.K.Singal
Watch Video of repair of glanular hypospadias with chordee by Dr A.K.Singal
To send an enquiry to Dr Singal’s team please fill up this form:
Posted in About Hypospadias,For Parents and Patients,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias Surgeon Thane,Hypospadias Surgery,Hypospadias surgery video | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on December 4, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias