Hypospadias Foundation starts Clinic in Bahrain

Posted on September 20, 2018 by Dr. A K Singal

Hypospadias Foundation starts Clinic for Hypospadias Treatment & Surgery in Bahrain

Hypospadias surgery is a very delicate, specialised and rare surgery. It requires years of training, very special interest and dedication to get good results from hypospadias surgery. Often the first surgery is the best hope for cure from hypospadias, once there is a failure at first surgery, subsequent surgeries become difficult and results poorer. Hence, it is recommended that hypospadias treatment should be conducted only by trained pediatric urologists and hypospadias surgeons.

At Hypospadias Foundation in India, hundreds of children come from all over the world to seek treatment either for primary or for failed hypospadias. Children from more than 20 countries have benefitted from surgical expertise and caring attitude of team at Hypospadias Foundation located at Navi mumbai, India.

Many these children come from middle east, Gulf/ GCC countries and MENA region to India. While we get more than 50 enquiries a month from countries such as Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE (Abu Dhabi/ Dubai), Qatar, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria – many of them find it difficult to come to India as some of these children may require multiple surgeries if the hypospadias problem is complex or they have failed surgeries elsewhere.

Sensing this acute gap in quality of hypospadias care, Hypospadias Foundation has started a Pediatric Urology and Hypospadias Clinic offering consultations and surgeries in Bahrain. The centre is located at Ibn Al Nafees Hospital in Manama, a renowned hospital with good facility and excellent reputation for good quality care of children.

The Hypospadias and Pediatric urology centre will offer consultations, diagnosis, pre and post-surgery care, surgery for various Pediatric urology disorders including hypospadias. The centre is run jointly by Dr A.K.Singal, Hypospadias Surgeon & Pediatric Urologist from Mumbai, India and Dr Mahmood Abbas, Senior Pediatric Surgeon trained in France and living in Bahrain.

Dr A.K.Singal is considered as one of the best hypospadias surgeons worldwide. Every year he treats kids from all over the world for primary, severe, complex and failed hypospadias. Dr Singal’s experience in Hypospadias surgery is one of the largest single surgeon hypospadias treatment experience in the world.

Dr Singal said,” Every month we receive enquiries via email from children of parents living in Gulf, Middle East and MENA region for hypospadias. It is indeed cumbersome and expensive for them to travel to India for surgery and treatment of hypospadias. Our association with Ibn Al Nafees hospital, Manama, Bahrain will offer them care and surgeries for hypospadias within a more accessible and familiar location in the beautiful country of Bahrain. The centre will also focus on offering treatment for other child urology conditions such as hydronephrosis, reflux, infections, incontinence, undescended testis (cryptorchidism), megaureter and kidney stones.

Dr Mahmood Abbas added, “Myself and Dr Singal have formed a team to start Hypospadias and Pediatric Urology Clinic at Ibn Al Nafees Hospital to ensure that children with hypospadias and pediatric urological conditions get the best treatment. Even children who have failed earlier hypospadias surgery, can be managed with advanced surgery and novel techniques.”

Here is how to contact Hypospadias and Pediatric Urology Clinic at Ibn al Nafees Hospital, Manama, Bahrain:

Address:

Ibn al Nafees Hospital,

Rd No 3302, Manama, Bahrain

Appointments:

Dr Mahmood Abbas

Ibn Al Nafees Hospital

Phone: +973-17828246, 28247, 23209

By Whatsapp: +973-39467333

Email:

Hypospadias.bahrain@gmail.com

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Posted in Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on September 20, 2018 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Chennai to Navi Mumbai: A Doctor’s tale of Hypospadias Repair Surgery for her son

Posted on April 6, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal

As doctors we are blessed to earn both money and gratitude from our patients. This is even better for us Pediatric urologists as we can experience deep happiness of the parents when their little one gets better after a surgery. We personally feel that we are a part of their life now as we were the lucky one’s to be there when they were struggling to get their little one through a difficult time such as surgery. God has given such unique position to doctors caring for kids as they can then see kids growing up year by year and feel blessed to have invested their life into building up a healthy and safe future.

The diagnosis of hypospadias in a newborn baby can cause a lot of anxiety, distress and pain to the mother who has just delivered, the husband who hasn’t slept in days and the family which has keenly waited for 9 months. At this time in first few days of life, if a proper counseling and guidance can be given by an expert, it can make a world of difference. This may not be possible all of the times as surgeons caring for children with hypospadias on a very dedicated basis are far and few in between across India. Most of the pediatric urologists and surgeons are adept in diagnosing, understanding and counseling for hypospadias and hence should be called in neonatal age itself.

One year back, I received a call from neonatal nursery to see a newborn baby born with hypospadias. Both mom and dad were doctors and worked in Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. Mother was delivering in a Navi Mumbai hospital as the maternal side family lived in Vashi. During the visit, I could see the anxiety and concern writ large on her face. She was torn between playing her role as a mother and her knowledge as a doctor. I discussed with her in detail about the type of hypospadias and also the corrective surgery needed. Since it was a midpenile hypospadias, I told them that a single stage urethroplasty repair was possible. We discussed at length about the right age for surgery and anesthesia. The baby and mother were discharged from nursery at 3 days and then I saw them again at 1 month of age, By this time, the mom was mentally tough and ready for the surgery. We planned the surgery at 6 months of age.

The family travelled from Chennai to Navi Mumbai at 6 months of age with a preplanned date for surgery. Since the urethra was hypoplastic for a short distance proximally and the urethral plate was not very good, we did an onlay island flap repair. The surgery was completed in 2 hours and A.J. was discharged the next morning. The hypospadias dressing was removed on day 5 and the urinary catheter was removed on day 10 after surgery. A.J. healed well over next 2 weeks and the family visited me again 6 months after surgery. A.J. is passing urine from tip of penis, the penis is straight and there is an excellent cosmetic result of his hypospadias surgery. The family is overjoyed and I am also relieved and happy with the good outcome.

The mother sent us a nice thank you note last week and it made my day. It follows verbatim here:

Hello Dr. Arbinder Singal,
A happy parent with a blessed son.
First I would like to convey my heartily thankfulness for your key role in my life. I would rather tell it as my life because my son is my life.
October 2012, good news was accompanied with sad news too, when my pediatrician told me that my son is suffering from hypospadias. Even though I am also a doctor, a fearful alarm rang inside a mother with loads and loads of questions.
But to my rescue doctor, your opinion was asked. During your visit, you were polite and calmly answered all my questions and relieved my fears.
As I am from Chennai and my parents stay in Chennai, everything fell in place very conveniently.
After 6 months, the day for hypospadias surgery came, as doctors, my husband and I were ready mentally but emotionally it was a nightmare.
But thank you doctor, MITR doctors and staffs- All made us feel very comfortable. You were so supportive and took care of everything right from the beginning.

That day gave a new life to my son. Now he is doing fine and leading a happy and normal life.

Six months have passed and everything is well.

Thank you God
Thank you doctor
Thank you MITR Hospital and staff
Thank you Hypospadias foundation
May your sincere service continue forever for the needy.
God bless you
Yours
A happy parent with a blessed son

Footnote:

These are the letters and emails which make caring for kids worthwhile even in the face of all risks and uncertainties of surgery on a small child. In the dark times, these blessings shine like rays of hope and give energy to carry on. I wish to express gratitude to all parents who have trusted us with the care of their little ones. We feel truly blessed and honoured to be of help.

About the author:

Dr A.K.Singal is a Pediatric Urologist and a specialist hypospadias surgeon. He does more than 200 hypospadias repair surgeries every year and has the best results for complicated and failed hypospadias. Every year he gets referred complex, severe and failed hypospadias patients from all over India and more than 20 countries. Along with the team at Hypospadias Foundation and MITR Hospitals, he feels joy and blessings in caring for children with hypospadias.

Dr A.K.Singal

You can send us an enquiry by filling up this form: http://hypospadiasfoundation.com/contact-patient.htm

Or you can send us an email at hypospadiasfoundationindia@gmail.com

Or you can call Dr Rajkumar, Coordinator of Hypospadias Foundation, at +91-9821261448 between 10am-4pm

Videos of Hypospadias Repair surgery by Dr A.K.Singal

 

 

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Posted in Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai,Hypospadias Surgery,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on April 6, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Letter from Afghanistan: 8 month old child undergoes successful hypospadias repair surgery at Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai, India  

Posted on December 26, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal

Hello Dr A.K.Singal,

My feedback from my baby’s operation at Hypospadias Foundation & MITR hospital in Navi Mumbai, Kharghar, sector 21:

When I was told by  my baby’s doctor at the time of birth that he had hypospadias, we were very worried about it as it was the first time I had heard such case. Then I started searching about treatment and could not find any specialist locally in Afghanistan. Then we searched for a hypospadias specialist in India and could find the best pediatric urologist surgeon in Mumbai called Dr. A. K Singal in MITR hospital in Navi Mumbai although, I searched in Delhi and other states. Indeed what all I found it was just from Google net and I was really not sure what is going to be happen. Many questions arose into my mind that how the operation is going to be done? How many days my son would be admitted? And many other questions were there.

Eventually, I got appointment with the MITR hospital via email with Mrs. Emily Paul who was very helpful and then we decided to go India for the treatment and finally reached the mentioned hospital on the 1st December, 2014. In the same day, Dr. A. K Singal visited my child and he impressed me when he talked about the operation and we decided to operate him after two days. Then on the 3rd December my baby’s operation was done.
The operation was done in a very professional way and successfully with no issue. Then I realized that I took a really right decision and found the right hypospadias doctor. It was amazing that in the same day my baby did not have any pain and discharged from the hospital but I requested to remain for some more days for betterment of the child. 

We (me and my wife) have very good memories from the Hypospadias Foundation and MITR Hospital especially from Dr A.K.Singal and now we know why he is a renowned Pediatric urologist and one of the best Hypospadias surgeons in India. The staff of Hypospadias Foundation based in MITR Hospital is good and the nurses were really outstanding. I thank them too.

My little angel is doing very well after surgery with no issue and we overcome those all tensions and worries which we had in the past. I really appreciate Dr. A. K Singal and whole MITR team with professional communication and cooperation and your friendly environment.

Considering that our son had hypospadias which can have lot of stigma, we request you to keep his name and identity confidential. We would be happy to interact with parents whose children are suffering from hypospadias any time offline.

Thank you Dr. Singal.

Best Regards,

Mr M.H., Herat, Afghanistan

Case description:

Master F.H.,8 months old child underwent distal penile Hypospadias treatment at our hospital recently (Dec 2014). Father had written to us about a month back expressing a desire to travel for Afghanistan to India for the hypospadias repair surgery. They had sent us pictures of the penis via email and we could explain to them the type of anomaly and the surgery needed for the same. Fortunately, the father took very good and clear pictures as instructed and it was easy for us to understand even without examining the child. Ms Emily Paul and Dr Rajkumar coordinated the OPD appointments and then one fine day the baby was at our hospital in Navi Mumbai. We confirmed the hypospadias to be distal penile hypospadias and did the pre surgery checkup and fitness by a Pediatrician. We took up the baby for surgery on 03/12/2014 and surgery was done using Tubularised Incised plate urethroplasty (TIP repair) also called Snodgrass repair or Snodgrass urethroplasty. Originally described by Dr Warren Snodgrass, the TIP repair is one of the most reliable and common repairs done worldwide for distal and midpenile hypospadias in selected and suitable cases.

The surgery was finished in one hour and F.H. was allowed feeds after 3 hours of surgery. He was at his playful best by evening and we planned to discharge the baby. Parents were very worried about taking him to a hotel and requested to stay in the hospital for another week till the dressing and the catheter were taken out. In normal circumstances, we discharge most of the hypospadias surgery kids by evening of surgery but here understanding the situation we allowed them to stay for a week. Finally the catheter and the dressing were removed in 5 days and the parents took the child to Pune with them. I saw them on 15th Dec 2014 once again before their final flight back home to Afghanistan from Delhi. He was doing very well and the penis had healed very nice with good cosmetic and functional outcome.

Staff and nurses were very fond of master F.H. as he was a very happy baby and used to come to everyone’s arms easily and used to play with them. He used to be in my lap all the time. All of us here at MITR Hospital and Hypospadias Foundation wish him the very best in life. And we all miss him.

About the Hypospadias Foundation & Dr A.K.Singal

Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai, India is the world’s only organisation committed and dedicated to treatment and care of children having hypospadias. Over last 6 years children from all over India and from more than 15 countries have benefitted from care at Hypospadias Foundation.

Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadias Surgeon is an expert and renowned surgeon for management of children and adults with Hypospadias. Dr Singal and Dr Manish Dubey are close friends and together started Hypospadias Foundation in Nov 2008.

Dr A.K.Singal

Dr A.K.Singal during Hypospadias surgery

Dr Singal can be contacted by filling up this form: Enquiry form for Hypospadias

Or you can call up Dr Rajkumar (Dr Singal’s assistant) at +919821261448

His clinic timings in Navi Mumbai, Thane and Mumbai are available here:

Clinics and Timings for Dr Singal

Hypospadias repair surgery videos by Dr A.K.Singal:

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Posted in Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai,Hypospadias Surgery,Hypsoapdias Surgeon delhi,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on December 26, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Distal Penile Hypospadias in a child: Single stage repair surgery video using TIP urethroplasty (Snodgrass repair)

Posted on December 4, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal

Distal penile hypospadias is the most common type of hypospadias in children. The urethral opening is located on the underside of penis but in last 1/3 of the penis. While some of the distal hypospadias may have an associated bend in penis called Chordee, most of the distal hypospadias may not have a chordee. There are many types of hypospadias surgery techniques described and the hypospadias surgeon selects the type of repair depending on the anatomy.

The key factors in deciding the repair are:

  1. Severity of Chordee
  2. Severity of hypospadias
  3. Quality of urethral plate
  4. Experience of the surgeon

Snodgrass repair or Tubularised incised plate urethroplasty was described by Dr Warren Snodgrass in 1992 and relies on using the natural tissues of penis on the underside for making a new urinary passage. The basic concept is midline incision of the open urethra from the urinary opening till the head of penis. This expands the urethral plate and allows it rolled into a new urethral tube which can heal very well.

The critical steps are:

  • Degloving of the penis: Incisions are marked preserving the urethral plate and all the penile skin is taken down to correct chordee. This step doesn’t harm the nerve and blood supply of penis as that runs deep inside the penis.
  • Artificial erection test: After applying a tourniquet, artificial erection test is done to check for any curvature (chordee). If there is no curvature, urethroplasty can be started.
  • Chordee correction: In most of the children with distal hypospadias, degloving alone releases the bands on underside of the penis and chordee gets corrected. In some children with hypospadias, chordee correction may be needed. This can be done by either putting a stitch – Tunica albuginea plication or by dividing the urethral plate. Urethral plate division is needed only in patients with severe chordee. But once the urethral plate is divided, TIP urethroplasty can’t be done, other types of repairs have to be planned.
  • Glans wings: Urethral plate is dissected into glans, creating glans wings on either side which are mobilized deep. Midline urethral plate incision (TIP incision) is given to expand the urethral plate and then urethra is closed with a fine absorbable suture such as PDS or vicryl to construct the new tube. The sutures are taken in a subepithelial fashion to invert the mucosa.
  • Second layer coverage: If there is good corpus spongiosum around urethral plate, it is mobilized for spongioplasty to provide security from urethral fistula. We also routinely use Dartos flap to cover the urethroplasty and prevent complications such as urethral fistula.
  • Glansplasty and skin coverage: Glans wings are closed with absorbable sutures and excess foreskin on the top is divided in midline and brought ventrally for complete skin coverage. Midline closure is achieved after excising excess skin so that a pleasing cosmetic outcome can be sought.
  • Dressing and catheter: Though lot surgeons use bulky dressings after hypospadias surgery, we use mostly a Tegaderm (transparent plastic wrap) followed by a soft gauze dressing. The catheter is tied to the glans stitch and allowed to drip urine into the diaper.

Follow-up and care after hypospadias repair surgery with TIP urethroplasty:

Most of the children are discharged by the evening of hypospadias surgery. Antibiotic syrup, pain killers and antispasmodic medicines are given for a week’s time. The parents are taught double diaper care and we call the children for follow-up after 5-7 days for removal of dressing and catheter at the same time. The hypospadias dressing is removed in clinic itself and the parents are advised to apply an antibiotic ointment on the penis for 2-3 weeks. Bath can be given as soon as the dressing is removed. We call for follow-up two weeks after catheter removal and after 3 months if everything is healing well.

About the author:

Dr A.K.Singal is a renowned Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadias Surgeon practicing in western india in area of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Thane. He is counted as one of the best hypospadias expert surgeons in the world and every year manages more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias. He started Hypospadias Foundation in 2008 and Hypospadias Foundation remains the world’s only organisation dedicated to children with Hypospadias. Children from more than 20 countries travel every year to India to consult for hypospadias treatment under his team’s care.

Dr A.K.Singal

Dr A.K.Singal during Hypospadias surgery

He is available at the following clinics : Clinics and Timings for Dr A.K.Singal

Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair surgery video by Dr A.K.Singal

Watch video of Single stage repair surgery of severe hypospadias by Dr A.K.Singal

Watch Video of repair of glanular hypospadias with chordee by Dr A.K.Singal

To send an enquiry to Dr Singal’s team please fill up this form:

Contact form for Hypospadias enquiry

 

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Posted in About Hypospadias,For Parents and Patients,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias Surgeon Thane,Hypospadias Surgery,Hypospadias surgery video | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on December 4, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Good results of hypospadias repair surgery in adults even after previous failed repairs

Posted on November 12, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal

Besides 100,000 kids born in India every year with hypospadias, there are an estimated 5-10 lakh adults living with either unoperated hypospadias or failed hypospadias having complications of Hypospadias surgery. These can be minor issues such as urethral fistula, chordee or suboptimal cosmetic results but a significant number may have major issues such as completely failed hypospadias, urethral diverticulum, hairy urethra, urethra stricture etc. Unable to come to terms with penile deformity, they do not get any hope or assurances from adult urologists or plastic surgeons as this may not be the area of primary interest or dedication for them.

Mr Rajveer Singh, 30 years old man, had a midpenile hypospadias with chordee and was operated by a plastic surgeon in Hissar Haryana 2 years back. After surgery, there was a breakdown of hypospadias repair and he was still passing urine from underside of penis. He was still having a downward curvature of penis (chordee) even after this surgery. Also he had seen hair growing out of urinary opening over last few months. He was very worried as he wanted to get married, hence he wrote to us asking for help. We wrote back asking for detailed pictures on email which would help us in understanding his clinical condition and hypospadias deformity. Finally, we called him to see us at Hypospadias Foundation in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. He took a flight from Delhi to Mumbai and landed up in my Hypospadias clinic on a Monday evening. On examination, he had a urinary opening much below the head of penis in midpenile region and also a couple of holes (urethral fistula) from where he was leaking urine. More importantly his penis still looked bent due to uncorrected chordee. Lastly the cosmetic outcome was really bad with tags of skin here and there and we could see hair coming out of his urethra due to previous failed improper hypospadias surgery. This results when an undertrained hypospadias surgeon uses hairy penile skin for urethral reconstruction. We counselled Rajveer regarding the surgical plan the first step of which would be excision of all unhealthy skin tissue on underside of penis, chordee correction (straightening of penis) and then decide for the type of hypospadias repair in operation theatre. This would be either a single stage repair using a local flap from hairless penile skin or a staged repair using a buccal mucosa graft. In staged buccal mucosa graft – we first excise all unhealthy tissue and scars of failed hypospadias repair, then take a thin lining from inside of lower lip or cheek and then place it as a graft on underside of penis. Once this graft gains local blood supply from penis tissue, we roll it into a urethral tube typically after 6 months of first stage. We always keep buccal graft as the last option in failed hypospadias as that essentially means multiple surgeries. Hence, we attempt to do a single stage flap repair whenever feasible even in failed hypospadias and hence we shared this intent with Rajveer.

Rajveer was taken up for surgery the next day under spinal anesthesia and first a cystoscopy was done. It showed normal urethra beyond midpenile region and unhealthy scarred hairy urethra with fistulae in the distal penile region. We excised all the unhealthy tissues and then checked for chordee. There was still 30 degrees bend in penis which needed correction by a 12 O’clock non-absorbable stitch on the top side of penis. On rechecking with artificial erection, there was no chordee now. After chordee repair was satisfactory, we analysed the penile skin on the right side of penis. We could see an island of hairless skin which was possibly remnant of foreskin (prepuce). We designed a long flap from this with very good blood supply from the underlying dartos tissue. This flap was used in an onlay fashion to repair hypospadias in a single stage. Finally head of the penis (glans) was also repaired and a catheter was placed to drain urine till the whole repair healed. Rajveer went back to his home town in Haryana after 3 days of surgery and then we arranged for one of my surgeon colleagues in Hissar (Dr Vivek Gupta) to help with post hypospadias surgery care. The catheter was removed on day 14 since it was a major hypospadias reconstruction. Rajveer passed urine well and but the full healing of the penis took about 4 weeks. The final cosmetic result was excellent when he sent the pictures via email. He visited us recently almost 3 months after surgery, the penis looked well healed and he is passing urine well from the tip in a good stream. His erections are straight and he is now looking forward to get married. The only question is whether he will invite me for his wedding or not and if he invites, how will he introduce me.

When such complex failed cases do well after hypospadias treatment at Hypospadias foundation, it makes us very happy. We feel our goal of starting the foundation in Nov 2008 has been fulfilled. Last six years have been a long and exciting journey but is has been a very challenging time. When we started we never knew the burden of problem was so high.  Along the way we have been privileged to be a part of lives of more than 600 kids and adults with Hypospadias from all over India and some countries abroad. Almost 25% of those receiving treatment at Hypospadias Foundation, have been patients with failed hypospadias who received surgery elsewhere. Though initially we started only with management of hypospadias in children but we realized that there is huge gap when it comes to treatment of hypospadias in adults. Along with Dr Manish Dubey, my close friend who is an adult urologist we are able to offer good care and success rates in adults and failed hypospadias.

In last three years, Hypospadias Foundation has welcomed many patients from many other states and countries such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Greece, Afghanistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, UAE-Dubai, Oman, Great Britain (UK), USA, Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya, Congo, Zambia and this number continues to grow attesting to our devotion to the field of Hypospadias. Within India, kids and their families have travelled for treatment of hypospadias from Assam, Kolkata, Orissa (Puri, Bhubhaneshwar), Ranchi, Chattisgarh (Raipur, Katni),  Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Surat, Baroda, Gandhinagar), MP (Indore, Bhopal), Himachal, Delhi, Haryana (Hissar, Rohtak, Panipat), Rajasthan (Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur), Maharashtra (Jalgaon, Pune,  Aurangabad, Nasik, Nagpur, Parbhani, Dhule, Solapur, Kolhapur, Ahmednagar, Ratnagiri), Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow, Allahabad, Meerut), Goa, Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad, Belgaum, Guntur), Uttarakhans (Dehradun), Jammu, Kerala (Cochin), Tamilnadu (Chennai, Salem, Coimbatore) and Punjab (Chandigarh, Ludhiana and Patiala).

About the author:

Dr A.K.Singal is a Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadiologist practicing in western india in area of Navi Mumbai and Thane. He is counted as one of the best hypospadias expert surgeons in the world and every year manages more than 200 kids and adults with hypospadias. He is available at the following clinics :

Clinics and Appointments for Dr Singal

To send an enquiry to Dr Singal’s team please fill up this form: Contact Dr A.K.Singal

Watch video of Single stage repair surgery of severe hypospadias by Dr A.K.Singal

Watch video of repair of glanular hypospadias with chordee by Dr A.K.Singal

Watch video of Distal penile hypospadias repair surgery by Dr A.K.Singal

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Posted in Adult hypospadias,Failed & redo Hypospadias,Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on November 12, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Twins from Greece undergo successful surgery for severe hypospadias in Mumbai, India

Posted on August 29, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal

Across the borders for Hypospadias

Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies affecting more than 4,00,000 newborn babies every year across the globe. The problem is not restricted to any particular country or race. Every year, our team at Hypospadias Foundation lead by Dr A.K. Singal manages kids with hypospadias from across India and also from other countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, Iraq, Bangladesh, USA and recently Greece.

Well, the kids from Greece were a whole different story. Though originally from Greece, their father Ioannis Padadatos was employed with a company in Delhi. Master Konstantinos and Spyridon Papadatos, twin babies were born in Delhi to Maria and Ioannis were noted to have hypospadias at birth. The hypospadias was relatively severe in both the children and had associated chordee. The urethral opening was near the scrotum (testis) called Penoscrotal hypospadias. Parents were very hassled as they had never heard of the condition before and now both their newborn babies had severe variety of hyposapdias. Dissatisfied with the information given by pediatricians, pediatric surgeons and urologists in Delhi, they took up to internet for more information. They contacted Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist & renowned Hypospadias surgeon who regularly writes articles at www.hypospadiasfoundation.com . Though they had visited the multiple doctors in delhi, what reassured them was the blogs written by dr A.K.Singal about his experience with children who had hypospadias.

After exchange of a few emails, Maria and Ioannis travelled all the way to Mumbai when the babies were 6 months old, in Nov 2013 to consult Dr A.K.Singal at Fortis Hospital in Vashi. Since the right age of surgery for hypospadias is 6 – 15 months, the parents elected to get the surgery done as soon as possible. After the blood tests, the parents again came to Mumbai in December to get the surgery done for both the kids. Master Spyridon underwent surgery on a Monday while Konstantinos underwent surgery on Tuesday. Though both had severe hypospadias and the parents were counseled that a two staged correction may be needed, the whole hypospadias surgical correction was performed in one stage using an Onlay Island Flap urethroplasty of which Dr Singal is an expert. The correction of penile curvature (chordee correction) and formation of new urinary tube (urethroplasty) were all performed in one stage.

After one more day post-surgery in Mumbai, the family travelled back to Delhi and kept in regular touch with Dr Singal via email. Dr Singal visited them one week later in Fortis Hospital in Delhi while attending a conference. Finally the catheter (urinary pipe) was removed after ten days of surgery and babies passed urine in good thick stream signifying a successful outcome in one stage. Now almost nine months after hypospadias surgery, both the babies are doing extremely well.

The family has now shifted to Doha, Qatar but they have taken a lot of India with them and most of all fond memories. We at Hypospadias Foundation are very happy to see the kids grow well and pass urine from a normal opening.

Dr Singal adds “With the advances in instruments and sutures plus better surgical techniques, we are able to do single stage correction for even severe hypospadias in most cases. Rarely we need second surgery and that too if there are complications in the first hypospadias surgery. I am happy that Maria and Ioannis trusted us for management of their children for hypospadias. They came with full faith and trust and that made my job so much easier. I will always remember their family and their beautiful kids. It was indeed a joy meeting them and knowing them. Sometimes I wonder as a hypospadias surgeon what kind of leap of faith the parents must take to travel in an unknown country to an unknown doctor and trust him/ her with the lives of their little ones. I truly appreciate their courage and faith.”

Best hypospadias surgeon

Dr A.K.Singal with family n Kids

To contact Dr Singal, you can fill up this form:

http://hypospadiasfoundation.com/contact-patient.htm

 

Single stage surgery for severe Hypospadias by Dr A.K.Singal

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Posted in Cases worth noting,For Parents and Patients,Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on August 29, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Goals of Hypospadias Repair Surgery

Posted on February 8, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal

Before we talk about goals of hypospadias surgery, let’s understand the issues in uncorrected hypospadias.

Anatomical defects in Hypospadias: Hypospadias encompasses two basic structural defects in the penis- abnormal location of the urinary opening and chordee (bend in the penis). Another minor defect is incomplete foreskin (prepuce) which does not lead to much cosmetic or functional impairment. We regularly use prepuce and its internal tissues for performing a strong structural hypospadias repair, hence circumcision most often is a part of the procedure.

Functional issues in Hypospadias: Functionally, penis has two important aspects:

  1. Ensure Smooth uninterrupted flow of urine-possible by a wide caliber of urethra
  2. Sexual organ for intercourse and also for passage of semen for fertility

Except in minor hypospadias, in all moderate to severe hypospadias both these functions are impaired unless corrected.

Cosmetic deformity in Hypospadias: Last but not the least, except for very minor hypospadias without chordee – all the other hypospadias lead to significant cosmetic deformity which most of the teenagers and adults would not accept as normal. Genital perception is important in overall normal development of the child into a balanced teenager and adult later on.

Goals of Hypospadias repair: Hypospadias surgery procedure (urethroplasty) mostly in single stage and rarely in multiple stages (depending on the severity of hypospadias) aims to correct these structural defects, impart a good functional outcome both from urinary perspective all throughout life and later in adulthood for sexual purposes with a good cosmetic appearance.

Hence, when doing the hypospadias correction, a hypospadias expert surgeon keeps all these goals in mind. The stepwise approach with a standardized protocol helps in achieving all these goals. Over the last two decades, lot of research and dedicated best hypospadias surgeons have made sure that the anatomy and functional aspects are taken care of in an appropriate manner with long lasting good outcomes.

Stepwise standardized hypospadias surgery protocol

(As practiced by Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist & Hypospadias Expert)

After nearly 7 years of dedicated hypospadias surgeries, we and other top hypospadias surgeons have realized that it is very important to follow a standardized approach as follows:

  • Examination under Anesthesia with magnification: The clinical examination done in outpatient department may not have been sufficient. Re-examining the child under anesthesia in detail while wearing magnifying loupes allows a hypospadias surgeon to create a mental roadmap. While scrubbing, draping, painting this roadmap provides a reliable navigation and focus to achieve best results during hypospadias repair.
  • Marking of skin incisions and injection of anesthetic agent with adrenaline: We routinely as a first step mark the incision sites and then inject dilute xylocaine and adrenaline and then wait for five minutes. This prevents minor bleeds from the hypospadias surgery site and keeps the area clean. This also allows decreases the use of electrocautery to stop the bleeding to a minimum.
  • Degloving the penis: Incisions are deepened preserving the nerve and blood supply to penis and whole skin of the penis is taken down – a step called degloving. This is done in all l hypospadias surgeries and most of the times is enough for correction of the chordee. The penis is carefullu delgoved preserving the urethral plate. Till this time, the technique of hypospadias repair is still not decided.
  • Chordee correction: Once penis is completely degloved, an artificial erection test is done to make sure that the penis is straight else various types of chordee correction procedures can be done. Straightening of the penis is the prerequisite for any type of urethroplasty and a surgeon should not move ahead with urethroplasty till chordee correction is satisfactory.
  • Deciding the technique of Hypospadias repair (Urethroplasty): After chordee correction, anatomy is assessed again. If the hypospadias is not very severe and the urethral plate (tissue between urinary opening till the glans) is wide, soft and elastic- a Tubularised Incised plate urethroplasty (Snodgrass repair) can be done). In a proximal hypospadias or a poor urethral plate, onlay island flap repair should be done. If the skin just below the urethral plate is good, then a Mathieu’s flip flap repair can also be done. If the urethral plate has been transected to correct the penis curvature then a precpucial tube repair should be considered or a staged hypospadias repair can be done.
  • Second layer coverage to prevent fistula: A second layer cover over the new urethra is very important to prevent urethral fistula post hypospadias surgery. This can be taken from surrounding spongiosum, dartos fascia from prepuce or tunica vaginalis (covering of the testis)
  • Glansplasty and meatoplasty: Reconstruction of the head of penis is a critical component for good cosmetic result as well as to make sure the opening is wide enough to allow free passage of urine. This is ensured by wide dissection of glans and also while closing the glans new urethra should be able to accommodate a good sized catheter without tension. Meatus should be left wide and an effort is made to make it like a slit like meatus which is cosmetically pleasing.
  • Penile skin closure: Excess prepuce on the top of penis is split in midline and brought on either side towards underside of penis. Jacket shaped incisions are made to remove extra foreskin and then a midline suture line is created for an excellent cosmetic outcome after hypospadias repair.
  • Proper fixation of the catheter: Urethral catheter is fixed with a stitch taken through glans so that it stays inside. The catheter is kept for 5-10 days depending on the type of surgery and healing.
  • Dressing: Decade ago very bulky and tight hypospadias dressings were in vogue, nowadays we use very soft and light dressings which can be removed easily an then let the catheter drain into a double diaper.

Following these sequential hypospadias surgery steps and a standardised protocol over last few years in more than 500 kids, has led to faster surgery, shorter anesthesia times, lesser bleeding, better cosmesis and extremely low rates of complications after hypospadias surgery at Hypospadias Foundation. And most importantly, this has also made sure that all the goals of hypospadias surgery are properly met.

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Posted in About Hypospadias,Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on February 8, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

Should a distal hypospadias be repaired!!

Posted on October 14, 2012 by admin

I did not know what was in store for me – there was 6 new patients in clinic and only 4 follow-ups and by the nature of it new patients take more time and follow-ups finish very fast. Anyway, the first patient who walked in was a 3 year old accompanied by young smart looking parents. The boy flashed a big smile and I said hello and he was eager to shake hands. That was a positive sign – Acceptance of me as a friend. Good so far.It was a nice Saturday evening, the watch clicked 7pm and I was in my Pediatric Urology clinic at Vashi with the last 10 urology appointments and was slated to be back home by 8pm. Invariably on Saturdays I get late but today I was all energized to finish consultations fast and head back home for a quiet dinner and then catch up on much neglected sleep.

Then we got down to the business of consultation- the parents had looked up about hypospadias on internet and had found me and then travelled all the way to Navi Mumbai on a Saturday evening for a consultation for their little one who had hypospadias. I examined the eager and cooperative kid- he has a coronal hypospadias with mild tilt of glans (the head of penis). There was no chordee (actual bend of the body of penis) and testes were in normal location. Overall, it looked like a milder distal hypospadias which should be fairly easy to repair with a predictably good result.

I explained everything about hypospadias – how it happens and how it is repaired and then the QA began. The parents asked – “Is it necessary to repair it? We have heard that it can lead to long term urinary problems and sexual dysfunctions as sometimes the nerves get cut during sensation leading to a numb penis. Also, there are blogs which talk about no need to do surgery in distal hypospadias as there may be long term complications like hair growth, tight passage, fistulas etc.” They had visited an eminent Urologist who had advised against surgery.

Well, they had done their due research and it was good but sometimes the truth out there may not be whole truth. I had to counsel them and make sure that they know the whole truth while at the same time sounding detached from the whole process. It was after all their kid and their responsibility- my job was to give full, fair and medically sound information and then their job was to make the right decision for their kid.

So here are the facts as I discussed with them:

  1. As the boy grows and finally the penis size become adult like, the deformity becomes more and more obvious. The glans (penis head) which was tilted will look more and more abnormal.
  2. The prepuce will only be on the top of the head and not on the underside leading to an incomplete prepuce. It looks rather like the head of a cobra in adulthood
  3. The urinary opening will be on the underside of penis and the urine stream will always be downward instead of forward as in a normal child.
  4. The problems as stated above will be more cosmetic than functional but they affect the psyche as he will be able to see that the shape and configuration of his penis is quite different from that of other children. This can lead to deep seated emotional and social withdrawal issues in teenage and adulthood.
  5. Repairs are easier with predictable and better results in childhood. Later on in teenage and adulthood repairs have higher failure rates and pain. Further erections can cause pain and instability in the repaired area after surgery.
  6. The blogs out there contain stories of people who underwent surgery for hypospadias in childhood and now are adults. Thus the care which they received was 20-25 years back. The art & science of Hypospadiology has moved at much faster pace in last two decades and now- the understanding of anatomy of penis & hypospadias is much better, the surgical techniques have evolved and most of the repairs are done in single stage, new instruments for finer surgeries are available, new fine absorbable & non-reactive stitches are available and above all there are doctors who are well trained in managing the children with hypospadias.
  7. Earlier surgeries using skin from scrotum or other body tissues are not done any more so currently any repair causing hair growth in urethra is outdated and not done by surgeons.
  8. Complications like fistula, tight passage (stricture) are less than 5% in experienced, trained surgeons hands for milder distal hypospadias.

To sum up, it is worthwhile to repair distal hypospadias considering all the above. The science of hypospadias surgery has made sure that the children get the best results for surgery in their early childhood and then live their lives normal without worrying about their reproductive organs.

 

 

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Posted in Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by admin | Posted on October 14, 2012 by admin | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias

How to prevent failures in Hypospadias Surgery (Urethroplasty)

Posted on July 18, 2012 by admin

Hypospadias is a complex and challenging clinical problem. Worldwide accepted failure rates for single stage hypospadias repair (urethroplasty) are 5-10% and these children who have encountered a failure require a second surgery. This situation is never pleasant for the surgeon or the parents or the child who is actually undergoing another surgery. The key thing to understand here is that everyone including the parents and the doctors are on the same side in this situation and everyone wants the child to get better.

Infact when the parents come and see me in the clinic and ask about my second surgery or failure rates – I often tell them “I want your kid to have only one surgery, you want your kid to have only one surgery and the whole reason why you came to meet me and came to know that there is someone called Dr Singal is that your son has hypospadias. Our goals are, thus, aligned towards pursuing a good result with only one surgery in mind but at the same time realizing that inspite of our best intentions and experience and all the money and the efforts, 5% of the kids may still require a second surgery. Another reassuring fact is that the second surgeries are often minor with faster recovery and overall at the end of it all the child would be absolutely normal in almost all the cases. The only difficulty is to assess with full surety which child will have a failed surgery. For the child whom the second surgery becomes a reality the individual failure rate is thus 100% and for the rest the result is 100%”

Fortunately, there are some fine pointers which tell us about the increased risk of second surgery. These are:

  • Severe hypospadias
  • Severe chordee (the penis is very bent)
  • Associated issues like chromosomal problems or disorder of sex development.

The steps which one takes to avoid failure in hypospadias have to be titrated for each case thus giving each child undivided individual attention and care. Some of the mantras in avoiding pitfalls are:

  • Spending enough time to understand the subtle nuances and variations in anatomy of every case.
  • Proper selection of technique of surgery- single most important step in ensuring good outcome. There are over 100 techniques described for hypospadias repair. Most of the surgeons master 4-5 techniques and then for every case we have to diligently assess and assign a technique. This is best done at the time of surgery in the operation theatre. That is why a proper training, experience and dedication is very important in assuring good results. Pediatric urology training allows a surgeon to be flexible in the approach and decide at the last moment and even change the technique if something is not working out. It is akin to waiting for a ball to spin and then playing a shot called “late cut” in cricket. The whole hypospadias repair mirrors that philosophy.
  • A thorough re-operative assessment of the child for nutritional and health status is very important. The hemoglobin should be atleast 10gm% and the overall child should be well nourished so that the tissues will heal faster and better after surgery.
  • Fitness for anesthesia: Hypospadias surgeries require general anesthesia for the child. It is very important that blood tests and urine tests are normal for the child. Also, a very good clinical examination is done to make sure that the child does not have any other coexisting abnormality of infection such as chest infection, cough, cold, diarrhea or skin infection. Infection anywhere in the body makes the body weak as the body is consuming energy in fighting the infection and thus healing would be delayed. Also, there is a risk of a cross infection in the operated area. Since hypospadias is not an emergency, ideally we should wait till the child is fully well and in the “Pink of the health” (so to speak) before surgery.
  • Planning the surgery in a dedicated, good, well equipped & sterile operation theatre to prevent infection
  • Having microsurgical instruments which are dedicated only towards hypospadias repair and not used for any other surgery. Infact I personally have 3 such sets allowing me to sometimes perform 2-3 hypospadias repairs in one day
  • Using a magnifying loupe during surgery to perform surgery with finesse. Magnification helps in proper and fine dissection of tissues. Also the stitches used are of very fine caliber so magnification helps in tying knots properly.
  • Working with fine sutures- this goes hand in hand with using magnification since using magnification allows surgeon to use finer sutures.
  • Trained staff for surgery and post-operative care.

 

In the end it is important to remember that for a child with hypospadias, first surgery is the best chance at a complete functional and cosmetic result. Pediatric Urologist and the medical team should make sure and do whatever in their power to give the child a 100% result in the first stage.
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Posted in Hypospadias Surgery | Posted by admin | Posted on July 18, 2012 by admin | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias