Hypospadias remains the most common urological anomaly in boys and more than 1 lakh kids are born in India every year with Hypospadias. Majority of these are mild variety like glanular, coronal, distal penile or midpenile hypospadias. Less than 15% of all hypospadias are moderate to severe variety of hypospadias like proximal penile, penoscrotal or scrotal hypospadias. While very mild hypospadias like glanular or coronal without chordee may be left alone without surgery, all other types of hypospadias or those with chordee require hypospadias correction treatment.
There are more than 100 different types of hypospadias surgery techniques described in medical literature attesting to the fact that none of the techniques are perfect or suitable for all types of hypospadias. The hypospadias specialist surgeon needs to be well acquainted with anatomy and various techniques to decide the type of surgery needed in a particular hypospadias case. Subtle variations in anatomy decide the type of technique needed. Hence the decision for each hypospadias is very individualized.
The common techniques in use for primary hypospadias are TIP urethroplasty (Snodgrass repair), Mathieu repair, Onlay Island flap urethroplasty, Prepucial tube and staged Bracka’s urethroplasty. Each technique of hypospadias surgery has its own advantages and disadvantages and case selection becomes very important.
Case: Boy from Lucknow
Master A.C. was born with proximal penile hypospadias in Lucknow. He was advised surgery after one year of age by the doctors in Lucknow. They consulted various surgeons in Lucknow and Delhi but were not satisfied by the approach. Finally, the boy’s uncle who was a scientist in CSIR sent an email to Hypospadias Foundation with all records and pictures asking for an opinion. We advised a clinical examination and a single stage surgery. The family flew to Mumbai and saw us in MITR Hospital, Kharghar where Hypospadias Foundation is located. The penis size for Master A.C. was very small with a stretched penile length of 2 cm and Glans diameter of 11mm. We advised two injections of Testosterone (male hormone) to induce growth of penis at one month interval. After one month of second injection, the glans size increased to 15.5 mm and penis length to 29mm. At this time, we planned a hypospadias correction surgery. A.C. was admitted the morning of surgery and a single stage urethroplasty was done using Onlay Island Flap technique for which Dr Singal is very renowned. The surgery took 90 minutes and the boy was discharged the next morning after hypospadias surgery. The dressing was removed after 5 days and catheter was removed after 10 days. A.C. passed urine well and at one month follow-up was passing urine in a good stream without any issues. The penis has healed very well with an excellent cosmetic result. The parents were overjoyed and sent an email of thanks after one month from Lucknow. Further follow-ups will be via email and phone calls. Patients from across the globe follow-up with us using electronic medium such as email, whats app and skype.
Testosterone (hormone) injection before Hypospadias surgery
In some cases of hypospadias the penile size may be small and the head of penis (glans) may be very tiny. In such cases it is difficult to repair the hypospadias adequately. We advise testosterone injections in dose of 25mg intramuscular injections two months and one month before surgery. The testosterone injections help in two ways: Increasing the size of penis and glans; secondly the blood supply (vascularity) of the foreskin increases which helps in making a good flap in severe hypospadias. Two doses of testosterone injections do not have any short term or long term side effects on body growth etc. Part of the effect of testosterone on penile growth is reversible but part increase in size of penis is permanent. For us at Hypospadias foundation, we give Testosterone injections for babies where the penis size is less than 25mm or the glans diameter is less than 13-14mm.
Onlay Island flap urethroplasty
Onlay island flap urethroplasty is a type of hypospadias repair surgery where a flap is made from foreskin on the top of penis (dorsal prepuce) and brought on underside of penis. This flap is based on a robust blood supply from dartos tissue of the foreskin (see the video below). Onlay island flap urethroplasty is reserved for severe hypospadias or where the TIP repair is not suitable and the chordee is not very severe. In hands of expert hypospadias surgeons, Onlay Island flap urethroplasty offers best results in repair of severe hypospadias. Dr A.K.Singal is one of the best hypospadias surgeon specialists in India for such surgeries. Dr Singal has been invited at various national and international conferences to showcase his surgical technique (see video below). Every year more than 200 children and adults with primary or failed hypospadias are operated under his team’s care in Navi Mumbai, India.
If your child has a hypospadias and you wish to get in touch with Dr Singal for treatment, you can fill up the contact form below or you can see him at one of his hypospadias clinics in Navi Mumbai or Mumbai. You can also call up Dr Rajkumar, Co-ordinator for Hypospadias Foundation at +91-9821261448 between 9am-6pm to discuss any queries.
See Video of Proximal penile hypospadias repair using Onlay Island flap technique- by Dr A.K.Singal
See Scrotal Hypospadias repair using Onlay Island flap urethroplasty- by Dr A.K.Singal
Posted in Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai,Hypospadias surgery video,Hypsoapdias Surgeon delhi | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on March 4, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias
Hello Dr A.K.Singal,
My feedback from my baby’s operation at Hypospadias Foundation & MITR hospital in Navi Mumbai, Kharghar, sector 21:
When I was told by my baby’s doctor at the time of birth that he had hypospadias, we were very worried about it as it was the first time I had heard such case. Then I started searching about treatment and could not find any specialist locally in Afghanistan. Then we searched for a hypospadias specialist in India and could find the best pediatric urologist surgeon in Mumbai called Dr. A. K Singal in MITR hospital in Navi Mumbai although, I searched in Delhi and other states. Indeed what all I found it was just from Google net and I was really not sure what is going to be happen. Many questions arose into my mind that how the operation is going to be done? How many days my son would be admitted? And many other questions were there.
Eventually, I got appointment with the MITR hospital via email with Mrs. Emily Paul who was very helpful and then we decided to go India for the treatment and finally reached the mentioned hospital on the 1st December, 2014. In the same day, Dr. A. K Singal visited my child and he impressed me when he talked about the operation and we decided to operate him after two days. Then on the 3rd December my baby’s operation was done.
The operation was done in a very professional way and successfully with no issue. Then I realized that I took a really right decision and found the right hypospadias doctor. It was amazing that in the same day my baby did not have any pain and discharged from the hospital but I requested to remain for some more days for betterment of the child.
We (me and my wife) have very good memories from the Hypospadias Foundation and MITR Hospital especially from Dr A.K.Singal and now we know why he is a renowned Pediatric urologist and one of the best Hypospadias surgeons in India. The staff of Hypospadias Foundation based in MITR Hospital is good and the nurses were really outstanding. I thank them too.
My little angel is doing very well after surgery with no issue and we overcome those all tensions and worries which we had in the past. I really appreciate Dr. A. K Singal and whole MITR team with professional communication and cooperation and your friendly environment.
Considering that our son had hypospadias which can have lot of stigma, we request you to keep his name and identity confidential. We would be happy to interact with parents whose children are suffering from hypospadias any time offline.
Thank you Dr. Singal.
Mr M.H., Herat, Afghanistan
Master F.H.,8 months old child underwent distal penile Hypospadias treatment at our hospital recently (Dec 2014). Father had written to us about a month back expressing a desire to travel for Afghanistan to India for the hypospadias repair surgery. They had sent us pictures of the penis via email and we could explain to them the type of anomaly and the surgery needed for the same. Fortunately, the father took very good and clear pictures as instructed and it was easy for us to understand even without examining the child. Ms Emily Paul and Dr Rajkumar coordinated the OPD appointments and then one fine day the baby was at our hospital in Navi Mumbai. We confirmed the hypospadias to be distal penile hypospadias and did the pre surgery checkup and fitness by a Pediatrician. We took up the baby for surgery on 03/12/2014 and surgery was done using Tubularised Incised plate urethroplasty (TIP repair) also called Snodgrass repair or Snodgrass urethroplasty. Originally described by Dr Warren Snodgrass, the TIP repair is one of the most reliable and common repairs done worldwide for distal and midpenile hypospadias in selected and suitable cases.
The surgery was finished in one hour and F.H. was allowed feeds after 3 hours of surgery. He was at his playful best by evening and we planned to discharge the baby. Parents were very worried about taking him to a hotel and requested to stay in the hospital for another week till the dressing and the catheter were taken out. In normal circumstances, we discharge most of the hypospadias surgery kids by evening of surgery but here understanding the situation we allowed them to stay for a week. Finally the catheter and the dressing were removed in 5 days and the parents took the child to Pune with them. I saw them on 15th Dec 2014 once again before their final flight back home to Afghanistan from Delhi. He was doing very well and the penis had healed very nice with good cosmetic and functional outcome.
Staff and nurses were very fond of master F.H. as he was a very happy baby and used to come to everyone’s arms easily and used to play with them. He used to be in my lap all the time. All of us here at MITR Hospital and Hypospadias Foundation wish him the very best in life. And we all miss him.
About the Hypospadias Foundation & Dr A.K.Singal
Hypospadias Foundation in Navi Mumbai, India is the world’s only organisation committed and dedicated to treatment and care of children having hypospadias. Over last 6 years children from all over India and from more than 15 countries have benefitted from care at Hypospadias Foundation.
Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric Urologist and Hypospadias Surgeon is an expert and renowned surgeon for management of children and adults with Hypospadias. Dr Singal and Dr Manish Dubey are close friends and together started Hypospadias Foundation in Nov 2008.
Dr Singal can be contacted by filling up this form: Enquiry form for Hypospadias
Or you can call up Dr Rajkumar (Dr Singal’s assistant) at +919821261448
His clinic timings in Navi Mumbai, Thane and Mumbai are available here:
Hypospadias repair surgery videos by Dr A.K.Singal:
Posted in Hypospadias Specialist,Hypospadias surgeon India,Hypospadias surgeon Mumbai,Hypospadias Surgery,Hypsoapdias Surgeon delhi,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on December 26, 2014 by Dr. A K Singal | Tagged after hypospadias surgery, best hypospadias hospital, flap repair for hypospadias, hypospadias clinic in india, hypospadias surgeon bhopal, hypospadias surgeon in MP, hypospadias surgeon India, hypospadias surgery india, one stage surgery for hypospadias, onlay flap urethroplasty, onlay island flap hypospadias repair, results of hypospadias, results of scrotal hypospadias surgery, scrotal hypospadias, scrotal hypospadias repair, scrotal hypospadias surgery, severe hypospadias, single stage urethroplasty, urethroplasty for scrotal hypospadias