Hypospadias repair surgery in adults: Man from Nepal gets successful treatment at Hypospadias Foundation, Navi mumbai, India

Posted on March 22, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal

Hypospadias is the most common urological birth defect occurring in upto 1/150 newborn boys, which measures upto almost 100,000 (1 Lakh) new cases every year. While most of the cases are not hereditary or genetic, 6-8% of hypospadias cases have family history of hypospadias or associated genetic disorders. In the current era and in cities, most of these children are referred to pediatric urologists or surgeons in early childhood and receive timely treatment for hypospadias. This was not true 20 years back or even now in many parts of the world. Hence, there are a large number of adults living with hypospadias across the world either unrepaired or some who have failed hypospadias surgery in childhood. In India alone, there are an estimated 5 lakh adults who have either not received hypospadias surgery or have failed hypospadias surgery in their earlier years and their families or they themselves have given up.

Every year, we receive adults from many countries in South East Asia and rest of the world who travel to India to Hypospadias Foundation to find treatment for their Hypospadias problem. Recently, a young man travelled from Nepal for hypospadias treatment. We would like to share the story.

Reaching Hypospadias Foundation:

Mr N.S. was born with hypospadias and was diagnosed soon after birth. Due to lack of knowledge and pediatric urology/ hypospadias specialists in Nepal, his parents could not get him treated for hypospadias in childhood. He grew up to be a smart boy and completed his graduation and got employed with an infrastructure company in Nepal. But somewhere at the back of his mind he had this nagging doubt about treatment of his hypospadias issue. He kept on searching whether he can get treatment with good results for hypospadias at the age of 23 years but no one gave him a satisfactory answer. Finally he contacted Hypospadias Foundation at Navi Mumbai, India- a team of hypospadias surgeons led by Dr A.K.Singal and Dr Manish Dubey. He sent his medical records by email and also some pictures. After an electronic opinion, he finally travelled to Navi Mumbai in September 2014.

Examination:

Mr N.S. was examined by Dr A.K.Singal, Pediatric urologist and expert Hypospadias surgeon in Hypospadias Clinic at Hypospadias Foundation, Navi Mumbai, India. He was found to have distal penile hypospadias with mild chordee. No previous surgery had been done. The midline raphe of the penis was misaligned to one side causing a slight bend in the penis also to one side called penile torsion. N.S. was counselled for surgery as well post-op recovery and underwent distal penile hypospadias repair surgery (urethroplasty) the next day.

Hypospadias Repair surgery:

Since it was a case of primary hypospadias and there was no previous surgery done, the urethral plate was still preserved well. We planned to do a single stage TIP repair (Tubularised Incised plate urethroplasty or Snodgrass repair). The new urinary tube (urethra) was made over 12 Fr silicon catheter and covered with two additional layers for secure healing and prevent fistula. First layer was with corpus spongiosum called spongioplasty and second was with dartos from foreskin on the top of penis. Finally excess foreskin on top was excised imparting a circumcised look to the penis. N.S. was discharged the day after surgery on antibiotics, analgesics (painkillers), antacids and antispasmodics. Additionally a medicine was given to decrease erections temporarily. One week later, we removed the dressing in clinic and finally the catheter was removed on day 10. N.S. had some pain initially on passing urine but within 2-3 days he was passing urine normally from the tip of penis. There was an issue with delayed healing of skin on underside of his penis which finally healed completely in 2 months. He has been passing urine normally and came to see us at 6 months follow-up after surgery this week (18th March 2015) and was extremely happy with the result of hypospadias repair surgery. He has healed well with a single stage surgery and does not require any further surgery. He is planning to start seeing girls now and get married soon. We have given him a clearance to go ahead with marriage and send him our best wishes from Hypospadias Foundation.

Dr A.K.Singal, Hypospadias Specialist, India

Dr A.K.Singal with adult hypospadias patient from Nepal after a successful outcome

Hypospadias repair surgery in adults:

  1. Longer healing time than children: Though the overall success rates of hypospadias surgery in adults remain good and comparable to hypospadias surgery in children, the healing takes longer. It may take upto 2-3 months for the penis skin to heal fully though one can start passing urine normally in 2-3 weeks.
  2. Longer time for indwelling catheter: We like to keep catheter inside for 10-14 days for distal hypospadias repair in adults and 14-21 days for severe hypospadias repair in adults. This is in to children where most of the catheters are removed in 5-10 days.
  3. Higher risk of infections: Since there is hair growth in penile area and more sweating in adults, the chances of skin infections at hypospadias surgery site is little higher in adults.
  4. Pain after surgery: As adults have night time erections during a certain phase of the sleep, there may be episodes of severe pain during healing phase in first one month. Hence we give medicines to decrease the frequency of erections for 4-6 weeks and stronger pain killers.
  5. Abstinence from sex: We advise abstinence from sex and masturbation for almost 3 months after hypospadias surgery in adults.
  6. Off from work: Since most of the adults are in a job or business, it is important to take atleast 4 weeks off from work before planning hypospadias surgery.
  7. Uroflowmetery: We recommend performing a test called uroflowmetry to check the speed of urine passage at 3 months and one year of surgery to make sure that the new passage is of good caliber.

Conclusion

Though there are challenges in treating adults with hypospadias, but with diligence and dedication very good results can be achieved at Centres of Excellence in Hypospadias Treatment. A good counselling, a thorough OPD consultation are a must before embarking on the surgery to ensure that the adults with hypospadias understand the treatment, results and long term outcomes. This also helps in setting the expectations right after Adult Hypospadias surgery.

About Hypospadias Foundation

Hypospadias foundation is the World’s first and only organisation dedicated to care of children and adults suffering from Hypospadias. Founded by Dr A.K.Singal and Dr Manish Dubey in Nov 2008, more than 700 children and adults have found hope and cure at Navi Mumbai India. Kids and adults travel from all over India and now more than 20 countries to Navi Mumbai for state of art treatment, surgery for hypospadias and best results. The unique teamwork between a pediatric and adult urologist allows adults with hypospadias to gain the best results in treatment of hypospadias. Hypospadias Foundation can be contacted at hypospadiasfoundationindia@gmail.com or +91-22-22743558/ 4229 Oor Dr Rajkumar, Coordinator for Foundation can be contacted at +91-9821261448 between 9am- 5 pm India time.

Or you can fill up this enquiry form: Enquiry Form

 

Posted in Adult hypospadias,Hypospadias surgeon India,Success Stories | Posted by Dr. A K Singal | Posted on March 22, 2015 by Dr. A K Singal | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,